Social facilitation and social loafing.edited.docx

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Running head: SOCIAL FACILITATION AND SOCIAL LAOFING 1 Social facilitation and social loafing Student name Institutional affiliation
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SOCIAL FACILITATION AND SOCIAL LOAFING 2 What determines whether the presence of others improves or impairs performance? Social facilitation is the tendency of people to do better at simple tasks and worse at the complex ones when in the presence of others and thus allowing for their performance to be evaluated (Smith & Haslam, 2017). The theory provides determinants that enhance the performance of an individual by allowing for alertness and arousal by the energy others impact on them. However, social loafing describes the tendency of people to relax in the presence of others; such individuals perform poorly at simple tasks and better at the complex ones. This makes it hard for evaluation; the theory describes the diminished performance due to no connection with relaxation leading to individual performance. Social facilitation describes the phenomenon where an individual’s physical and cognitive performance improves in the presence of other people (Buunk & Schaufeli, 2017). The determinant factor in performance facilitation or inhabitation is based on a task being learned (simple) or novel (difficult). Researches on social facilitation reveal that the presence of others does affect the performance of the two categories of tasks. Social psychologists draw claims that the demonstration of social facilitation and inhabitation affects the physiological, cognitive, and affective mechanism of individuals. The utility and application of the findings have been relevant in education, sports psychology, and organizational behavior. In education, the social facilitation/inhibition theory suggests for an increase in learning comprehension, one should try to learn the new material while alone ( Ouyang & Scharber, 2017). However, the individual should be evaluated on how well they comprehended the material in the presence of others. In sports, trainers and sports psychologists use social facilitation/ inhabitation theory to improve the physical performance of the trainees. They are able to predict the time athletes will clock against their clock or their own time by comparing the environments under which their performance is optimum. There are games where the athletes produce better results with spectators and others with no spectators. The theory suggests that home-field advantage can be detrimental. In most sports games, teams that performing at home tends to build on their confidence and self-awareness due to the home crowds this don’t apply for the visiting team. The distractions create and contribute to social facilitation effects. Social facilitation effects have been seen to impact the
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