ppt_ch10 - CHAPTER 10: RACE AND ETHNICITY RACIAL AND ETHNIC...

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CHAPTER 10: RACE AND ETHNICITY
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RACIAL AND ETHNIC DIVERSITY IN AMERICA One in five Americans is either foreign- born or a first-generation U.S. resident. There are 150 distinct ethnic or racial groups in the U.S. The proportion of the population that is white is declining. 1
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THE SIGNIFICANE OF RACE AND ETHNICITY Race a group of people who share physical characteristics, such as skin color and facial features Race is a social construct. 2
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Ethnic group —a set of people who identify with a common national origin or cultural heritage Examples: Italian American, German American, Jewish 2 Ethnic Group
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Racial-ethnic group —a category of people that has both distinctive physical and cultural characteristics Examples: Asian American, Hispanic The U.S. Census asks for both race and ethnicity. 2 Racial-Ethnic Group
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Discussion Should the U.S. Census continue to ask  for information about race and ethnicity? 2
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OUR IMMIGRATION MOSAIC In 1900, almost 85% of immigrants to the U.S. came from Europe. Today immigrants come primarily from Asia and Latin America. 3
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Harmful or Beneficial? Critics allege that low-skilled workers reduce the standard of living and overload schools and welfare systems. Because immigrants are younger, poorer, and less well educated than the native population, they use more government services, and pay less in taxes. 3 + or ?
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Proponents argue that immigrants provide services at low wages and in jobs most Americans do not want. Without new workers, the U.S. will not be able to support the aging population. 3 Immigration Proponents
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Genocide
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Discussion Is immigration harmful or beneficial to the  United States? Are we being fair to current immigrants? 3
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DOMINANT AND MINORITY GROUPS Dominant group —any physically or culturally distinctive group that has the most economic and political power, the greatest privileges, and the highest social status Dominant groups are not always the majority in size. 4
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Minority group —a group of people who may be subject to differential and unequal treatment because of physical, cultural, or other characteristics It does not refer necessarily to a numerical minority. 4
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Patterns of Dominant-Minority Group Relations Genocide —the systematic attempt to kill all members of a particular ethnic, religious, political, racial, or national group Examples: colonists' treatment of American Indians, Holocaust Internal colonialism —the subordinate status of groups who are treated unequally within a nation Examples: African Americans, Hispanics 4
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This note was uploaded on 06/11/2009 for the course SOC 100 taught by Professor Tba during the Summer '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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ppt_ch10 - CHAPTER 10: RACE AND ETHNICITY RACIAL AND ETHNIC...

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