ppt_ch4 - CHAPTER 4: SOCIALIZATION SOCIALIZATION The...

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CHAPTER 4: SOCIALIZATION
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SOCIALIZATION The lifelong process of social interaction in which the individual acquires a social identity and ways of thinking, feeling, and acting that are essential for effective participation in a society 1
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Functions of Socialization Socialization establishes our social identity. teaches us role taking. controls our behavior. transmits culture to the next generation. 1
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Human Interaction is Vital Isolated or institutionalized children do not develop the characteristics considered "normal" or "human." 1
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Discussion What are some of the characteristics that make us human? 1
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NATURE AND NURTURE Biologists tend to focus on the role of heredity in human development— emphasizing the role of nature . Social scientists focus on the role of learning, socialization, and culture— emphasizing the role of nurture . 2
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Biology affects development. Gender identity Anxiety Behavior affects biology. Serotonin Physical or sexual abuse Cross-cultural data illustrate the importance of nurture. 2
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We can conclude that nature and nurture interact in the socialization process and both are important to development. 2 Nature/Nurture
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OF SOCIALIZATION For functionalists , socialization encourages conformity and maintains a society's stability by controlling disruptive behavior. 3
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ppt_ch4 - CHAPTER 4: SOCIALIZATION SOCIALIZATION The...

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