1Examples:families and close friends•A primary group is a relatively small group of people who engage in intimate face-to-face interaction over an extended period of time.Primary Group
1Examples:classes, work groups and volunteer organizations•A secondary group is usually large, formal, impersonal, and a temporary collection of people that pursues a specific goal or activity.Secondary Group
ApplicationIdentify each as a primary or secondary group:–A romantically involved couple–A chemistry lab group–A labor union–Three women who have been friends since high school
Discussion•What are the benefits of in-groups?•What are the potential problems with in-groups?1
•A reference group is a group of people that shape our behavior, values, and attitudes.•We do not have to be members of our reference groups.1Examples: nursing students who have a reference group of nursesReference Group
Group conformity•Studies show that most people are influenced by group pressure.