ppt_ch7 - CHAPTER 7 DEVIANCE CRIME AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE...

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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 7: DEVIANCE, CRIME, AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM WHAT IS DEVIANCE? • Deviance is behavior that violates expected rules or norms. – Positive deviance overconforms. – Negative deviance falls below social expectations. 1 Characteristics of Deviance • It can be a condition, belief, or behavior. • It is accompanied by social stigmas. • It varies across and within societies. • It can be formal or informal. • Perceptions change over time. 1 Discussion • What are some examples of behaviors or conditions that were considered deviant in the past but no longer are? • What are some examples of behaviors or conditions that were not considered deviant in the past but are now? 1 WHAT IS CRIME? • Crime is a violation of societal norms and rules written into public laws that is subject to punishment. 2 Sources of Crime Statistics • Official Data—Uniform Crime Reports • Victim Surveys—National Crime Victimization Survey 2 Prevalence of Crime • All crime statistics are estimates. • There are more arrests for property crimes and drug abuse violations than for violent crimes. • Victimless crimes are least likely to be reported. 2 • Most crime victims are men, African Americans, people under age 25, poor, and live in urban areas. • Offenders are likely to be under age 30, male, white, and live in poor, inner-city areas. 2 Victims and Offenders Discussion Statistics do not always match popular impressions. What inf luences our image of victims and offenders? CONTROLLING DEVIANCE AND CRIME • Social control —techniques and strategies that regulate behavior • Social control can be informal or formal . • It includes positive (rewards) and negative (punishments) sanctions....
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ppt_ch7 - CHAPTER 7 DEVIANCE CRIME AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE...

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