ppt_ch8 - CHAPTER 8: SOCIAL STRATIFICATION WHAT IS SOCIAL...

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CHAPTER 8: SOCIAL STRATIFICATION
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WHAT IS SOCIAL STRATIFICATION? A hierarchical ranking of people who have different access to valued resources Property, prestige, power, and status 1
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Closed Stratification Systems Movement from one social position to another is limited due to ascribed statuses. Slavery and castes are closed systems. 1
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In slavery , some people own others and have control over their lives In chattel slavery people are bought and sold as commodities. In domestic slavery employers force people to work for long hours and little if any pay. 1 Slavery
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Discussion How is it possible for employers to enslave  workers, even in the United States? 1
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In caste systems , social categories are based on heredity. India is the classic example. Indian castes Brahmins —priests and scholars Kshatriyas —kings and warriors Vaishyas— merchants and farmers Shudras —peasants and laborers 1 Caste Systems
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Dalits —untouchables Outside the caste system Poor Performed the most menial tasks Were considered "polluting" Caste system was outlawed in 1949. Social distinctions persist. 1 Caste Systems
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Open Stratification Systems Social classes are relatively fluid. Based on achieved statuses. A social class is a category of people who have a similar rank based on wealth, education, power, or prestige. 1
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Discussion To what extent is mobility possible in the  United States?
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DIMENSIONS OF STRATIFICATION Wealth —money and economic assets Includes property and income 2 Wealth is cumulative, passed on to the next generation, and produces income. Income inequality is increasing in the
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Prestige —respect, recognition, or regard Based on wealth, family background, fame, occupation, and leadership Prestigious occupations require education, pay more, involve mental activity, and offer autonomy 2 Prestige
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2
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Power —the ability of individuals to achieve goals, control events, and maintain influence over others despite opposition Power elite —a small group of white men who make the important decisions in U.S. society
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This note was uploaded on 06/11/2009 for the course SOC 100 taught by Professor Tba during the Summer '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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ppt_ch8 - CHAPTER 8: SOCIAL STRATIFICATION WHAT IS SOCIAL...

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