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Chapter_One - Chapter One Outline Understanding Psychology...

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Chapter One Outline Understanding Psychology What is Psychology? Psychology’s Goals Applying Psychology to Work: Careers in the field Perspectives in Psychology Psychology’s past Psychology’s present Doing Research in Psychology The Scientific method Experimental Research Descriptive Research Correlational Research Understanding Psychology What is Psychology? To understand Psychology, it is essential to understand the origin of the word PSYCHOLOGY. The term Psychology derives from 2 root words PSYCHE + LOGOS The word Psyche means Mind and the word Logos means word. In the early phase of the history of Psychology, prior to 1900, Psychologists believed in study of mind and mental processes. By 1920, the trend changed. The psychologists started to emphasize that mental processes cannot be directly observed therefore scientific research cannot be conducted on mental processes. The Psychologists began to focus on Observable behavior as the subject of study in Psychology. The empirical evidence – which is possible to obtain through direct observation of behavior. Using systematic scientific methods the measurement of behavior is possible and numeric data can be obtained. Therefore the emphasis shifted on behavior as the subject matter of
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Psychology.
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