MOTIVATION - MOTIVATION OUTLINE Understanding Motivation...

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MOTIVATION OUTLINE Understanding Motivation Types of motivation Hunger Arousal Achievement Applying Psychology to Student Life Theories of Motivation Understanding Motivation We engage in activities. For example we sleep, we eat, we go to clubs and social gatherings, and we go to school. We always have some goals in our lives and try to work towards it to achieve the goal. The question arises, “Why”do we engage in activities. Why do we constantly work towards a goal. Why do we sleep, why do we go to school? To answer this question “why”, Psychologists, use the word Motivation. Motivation Occurs due to set of factors, which activat e, direct and maintain set of behavior - until we achieve the goal. So, the major components included in the word motivation are: It is a biological and mental state This state activates This state directs towards the goal
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The nature and the components included in the word Motivation will be clearer as we proceed to discuss types of motivation There are many types of motivation. I will discuss only the most basic types of motivation. 1. Hunger 2. Arousal 3. Achievement Hunger Motivation We eat every day, at least 3 times a day. The question is why do we eat, why do we feel hungry?. There are several explanations to this question. 1 Biological Explanation : We feel hungry because we experience hunger pain or stomach contraction. This biological condition directs us to find food. We remain hungry until and unless we find the food and eat the food. Once, we eat the food our hunger motivation diminishes till we experience the stomach contraction again. An experiment was conducted by Walter B. Cannon and A.L. Washburn (1912). Washburn swallowed a balloon and inflated it inside the stomach. Each time the balloon contracted, it was reported and report of hunger was recorded. The experiment indicated that each stomach contraction led to feelings of hunger. It was concluded that hunger is felt because signals are produced in the stomach.
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Criticism of the experiment: This experiment was criticized and not fully accepted. The criticism was that the concluding results were erroneous, because the experimental variables were not well controlled. According to the criticism, Washburn felt contraction because of the presence of balloon, and not because of hunger. The presence of balloon gave a feeling of fullness which initiated digestive process and contractions occurred as a result of the digestive process and not because of hunger. There is a connection between hunger and stomach, but it’s a different type of connection not contraction. The chemical release in the stomach makes us feel
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MOTIVATION - MOTIVATION OUTLINE Understanding Motivation...

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