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THEORIES OF MOTIVATION There are 2 types of theories which explain why we have motivation. 1. Biological theory 2. Psychosocial theory Biological theory There are 2 biological theories which explain why motivation occurs. 1. Instinct theory 2. Drive reduction theory 3. Interactionism theory Instinct theory: Instinct theories suggest that there is some inborn, genetic component which causes motivation to occur. That means that some behavior patterns, responses are not learned. These instincts are inherited and are universal. These instincts remained pre-established in the process of evolution and transmitted from one generation to another. For example, birds have instincts to build nests, which is universal. All birds have this instinct. They do not learn or attend nest building courses. They naturally learn to build nests. Similarly human beings do not learn to be aggressive. It is an instinct to be
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aggressive. Drive Reduction Theory: According to this theory, whenever there is a biological need, e.g. hunger, thirst the tension builds up in the body. The person feels uncomfortable due to tension and tries to reduce the tension. The individual becomes driven to reduce the tension and acts to satisfy the biological need to reduce the tension. This theory is based upon the biological concept of Homeostasis . This concept means that the body needs to restore the internal balance of the internal environment, e.g. body temperature, blood pressure. Psychosocial Theory
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This note was uploaded on 06/11/2009 for the course PSYCH 12295 taught by Professor Sadhana during the Spring '09 term at Delgado CC.

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