Theories_of_personality

Theories_of_personality - Theories of personality 1. 2....

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Theories of personality 1. Trait theory 2. Psychoanalytic theory Trait Theory What is a trait? This is a term that is used to describe a person. The traits are stable and consistent personality characteristics. Trait theorists focus on what are the characteristics that distinguish one person from another. And they try to explore the degree of difference. The typical traits of a person always dominates a person’s life and are predictors of future behavior. The pioneers who are famous for this theory are, Allport, Cattell and Eysenck. There are numerous dictionary words to describe traits. Possibly there are 450 traits. So it is enormous task to understand Personality. Gordon Allport (1961), classified personality traits as following. 1. Common Trait 2. Individual traits 1. Common traits are found in a particular culture of a Nation. This is a typical characteristics of a Nation. Example: US people are more competitive. This trait is shared in general by all citizens in America. 2. Individual traits are individual’s unique traits.
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Gordon Allport, also described personality traits in terms of hierarchy. The most pervasive traits are on the top and the least important traits on the bottom. The classification he provided is as following: 1. Cardinal trait 2. Central trait 3. Secondary trait 1. Cardinal trait: This is the dominant trait fo a person. The entire behavior pattern is dominated by one single trait. Not many people have cardinal trait. Example: Mother Theresa was compassionate. 2. Central trait: These are the most basic traits or building blocks which describe a person. Example: polite, respectful, responsible 3. Secondary trait: These are more superficial, personal qualities or preferences. Example: Food preferences, punctuality. Allport’s classification technique was subjective. It was not based upon any empirical evidences. Cattell (1906-1998), tried to classify personality traits, in a scientific way using Statistical techniques. He studied large number of traits, which are visible traits and called surface traits. These traits appear in groups. He summarized and regrouped all the possible traits in some groups. He used Statistical method to condense and classify the traits. He
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Theories_of_personality - Theories of personality 1. 2....

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