3separation - SEPARATION TECHNIQUES Glenn V. Lo Department...

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    SEPARATION TECHNIQUES Glenn V. Lo Department of Physical Sciences Nicholls State University
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    Separation of Matter In general , a sample of matter can be  separated into distinct parts. Some commonly used techniques: Evaporation Distillation  Filtration  Chromatography Electrolysis
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    Distillation Vaporize liquid component, then  condense into a separate container  (distillate) Example applications: separate water from salt separate alcohol from water Refining crude oil      ( fractional distillation ) http://www.rod.beavon.clara.net/distil.htm
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    Evaporation Vaporize liquid component; leave solid  component behind as  residue Example application: Extract salt from seawater Hair dryer
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    Filtration Pass sample through a porous barrier  (such as a filter paper). Liquid and small particles emerge as 
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This note was uploaded on 06/11/2009 for the course CHEM 105 taught by Professor Wessel during the Spring '08 term at Nicholls State.

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3separation - SEPARATION TECHNIQUES Glenn V. Lo Department...

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