Study Guide Test 1 Psyc 250

Study Guide Test 1 - Chapter 1 1 What are some good reasons for learning about child development Fascinations period of rapid development events on

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Chapter 1: 1. What are some good reasons for learning about child development? Fascinations, period of rapid development, events on children have long-lasting effect on later life. 2. Be able to explain the seven enduring themes in child development. Nature and Nurture how these two shape the behavior of the kid? The active child how does a child develop its own development. Continuity vs. Discontinuity Mechanism of development change how does change occur? Sociocultural context how does it influence development? Research 3. How is the scientific method used in the study of child development? 4. How do we gather information about children’s development? Three main methods? Describe any special issues associated with using these methods to study children. 5. Why might one use a correlational study design? Be able to give examples of the types of research questions that might evaluated using this type of methodology. 6. What can a correlation tell you? What can it not tell you? 7. Explain the logic behind experimental designs and random assignment. 8. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the following methodologies? a. Experiment b. Observational study c. Correlational study= asking questions really specific. d. Cross-sectional study= Involves testing child of different ages at single point in time. e. Longitudinal study= testing or observing a group of children over a period of time. f. Cohort sequential study= combination of cross sectional and longitudinal 9. What is a cohort effect? Why is it an important consideration when you evaluate a research project? Which design is most susceptible to a cohort effect? People that goes through the same experience but it depends in the time they were born and grew up. 10. What is a microgenetic design? What kinds of questions might be answered using this design? 11. Be able to discuss some of the special ethical issues associated with performing research with children. Chapter 2: 1. How does a child receive the genetic contribution from each parent? A child gets a chromosome from his/her mom and the other one from his/her father. When the sperm and the egg get together exchange genetic material. 2. Be able to describe what happens during each period of prenatal development. You will need to know some general developmental milestones. Major developmental Process in Early development. Cell Division: Within 12 hours of so after fertilization. It divides into to equal parts with different genetic material. Those two divided into 4 and those 4 divide into 8 and so on. After 38 weeks the zygote becomes a newborn.
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Cell Migration: The movement of newly formed cells from their point of origin in the embryo to somewhere else. Among all those many cells are the neurons in the cortex.
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course PSYC 250 taught by Professor Okeke during the Spring '07 term at UNC.

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Study Guide Test 1 - Chapter 1 1 What are some good reasons for learning about child development Fascinations period of rapid development events on

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