reli1001_5_22 - Constantine r 306-337 Emperor after...

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5/22/08 Constantine r. 306-337 Emperor after Diocletian Constantine holds power longer than any other Realizes that the Christians aren’t going away Converts to Christianity on his deathbed in 337 313- great battle; he has a vision the night before where he sees the cross in the sky; the voice he hears says, “conquer beneath me” 313- issues Edict of Milan- says it is illegal to persecute Christians “if you can’t beat ‘em, join ‘em” attitude Constantine was always curious about Christianity Skeptical- he doesn’t have to do anything except say I’m Christian on his deathbed and it would position his family for future success in politics Tradition that people put off baptism until the last moment to wash away sins Constantine never makes it the state religion, but he opens the door Armenia was the first Christian nation- King Tiridates III; 238-314 o Converts in 312, whole nation along with him o Armenian section in Jerusalem 2 nd Christian nation- Eithiopia- King Ezana- 320 o long weird, religious history in Ethiopia 3 rd Christian nation- Rome o Julian after Constantine Theodosius; c. 379-395 Makes Christianity the state religion of Rome in 380 Insecure about Christianity, so he wants to get rid of stuff that came before, ex. Pagan temples. Allows the burning of the Alexandrian Library. He destroys stuff Biggest win for Christianity Roman empire on its way out by 500 III. Creeds, Councils, and Canonization; 30-500 C.E. Creed- latin, credo. A statement of belief that is crucial to one’s faith Council- a meeting of religious leaders to make decisions about the faith, usually lead by bishops Bishop- greek word episkopos 5 equal centers of Christianity, each lead by a Bishop: o Rome o Antioch o Jerusalem o Alexandria o Constantinople Canonization Creeds
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o Apostles Creed; ca. 150-200 o A statement of belief is often to combat Gnosticism Gnosticism- early religious movement within Christianity. Deemed a heresy from the very beginning Originally developed out of neoplatanism, Plato. Existed before Christianity Christianity fit in with their beliefs, so their were early Gnostic Christians Gnosis- secret knowledge. Belief that the God of the Old Testament, Yaweh, is not the one true God. He is the creator of the universe, but he is a lesser god. Evil exists because it the world is made by an imperfect god. They believe Jesus was sent by the one true God, and he is going to tell us about him
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reli1001_5_22 - Constantine r 306-337 Emperor after...

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