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reli1001_5_19 - Restoration Hellenistic Periods ca 538-63...

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5/19/08 Restoration / Hellenistic Periods; ca 538-63 B.C.E. When the Israelites come back home (their land is restored) 539, the Persians come in wanting to get to the sea King Cyrus was known as the Messiah 538, everyone has returned home except for the Beth Israel they are allowed to live on the land, but it belongs to the Persians, and they are taxed the temple is rebuilt (the 2 nd temple) by 516 the Torah gets canonized o their was a need to have the text canonized in 516 o the P writer was probably alive around this time and may have helped o the J writer is thought to have been a woman by Harold Bloom. From the court of Solomon the Greeks come in in 332 Persians believed in Zoroastrianism o Follow a prophet, Zoroaster o Polytheism o Good gods and evil goods constantly battling The ruling people of the Israelites’ theologies trickled down ideas o Hierarchy of angels, end of days battle, battle of God and Satan In 332, Alexander the Great comes through o From west heading East o From the Hellenic world, eastern Mediterranean o King of Macedonia, son of King Philip of Macedonia o Takes over Egypt and Middle East o He defeats the Persians in battle in 332 o All of the Persian land becomes his land, all the way to India o There would now be 300 years of Hellenistic influence on the Israelites religion o The Greeks force Hellenization upon the Israelites Greek Philosophy; Socrates, 400 o Lover of wisdom o Socrates never wrote anything; he walked around and talked to people o Plato was his student and wrote stuff; dialogues o The protagonist was always Socrates o Aristotle was Plato’s student, the brightest and best of all Greek culture o Aristotle was Alexander the Great’s tutor o 4 Platonic Virtues: temperance wisdom justice courage
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Wisdom Literature was the Greek influence in the Torah o It makes “practical” sense to serve God o Proverbs, Job, Ecclesiastes o Job; Satan means the accuser; it is a title, not a name; Satan is god’s right hand man Satan takes all of Job’s stuff and family away to see if he would curse God, but he does not curse him Job questions God about “Why me?”
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