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Exam 2 Study Guide

Exam 2 Study Guide - Midterm 2 |1 SIGNIFICANCE/CONTRIBUTION...

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M i d t e r m 2 | 1 SIGNIFICANCE/CONTRIBUTION OF PLAYS: Lysistrata by Aristophanes: Written 21 years into Peloponnesian War Women of Athens withhold sex from their husbands until peace is made with Sparta Elements of farce and satire o Political and sexual/scatological humor Pantalone’s Gold: The Drunkard (melodrama): o Virtuous wife; husband was seduced into unvirtuous state and wife must wait for hero o Includes all the basics of melodrama o Pure wife, bad husband, villain, and hero o The term melo drama suggests the addition of music to the performance o Piano accompaniment and narrator o The theme in this performance and most melodramas is that we are all pure and will prevail and evil will be defeated Ghosts by Henrik Ibsen: The Children’s Hour by Lillian Hellman: o The power of a lie to ruin lives o Two teachers are accused of being lesbians The Crucible by Arthur Miller: 1957 – HUAC Trial – “Guilty” 1958 – overturned an appeal If you were accused of being communist, the only way to be free was to accuse 10 friends Set during the with trials o Group of girls saved themselves from doing a bad act by saying they were bewitched by members of community o John Proctor holds a guilty sin of cheating on his wife and knows that the girls are lying It was hard to prove innocence Push: Die Fledermaus: PEOPLE: George II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen: First Director Abolished the Star System o Plays were no longer written for one person o People were taking more dominant roles as well as chorus roles Insisted on play-specific costumes, scenery, and props (realistic detail) Insisted that a production should be rehearsed as long as necessary o Shows would not open until they were ready o Rehearsal time US: 4-6 weeks Europe: 8+ weeks Unified the production concept, combining research and analysis o Competing styles “muddy” the waters between production and audience Elizabeth I: James I: Jerzy Growtowski: Conceptual director transformed the work 15:28:35 Theatre 100
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M i d t e r m 2 | 2 o Let text serve purpose of production Commedia dell’Arte: 14 th and 15 th century Traveling troupes of families o Had a matriarchal or patriarchal figure Although they became known in the 14 th and 15 th centuries, they existed long before Commedia dell’Arte Troupes o Blended farce, satire, and romance o Partly scripted, mainly improvised o Masks o Women – introduced women on stage playing women’s parts Commedia dell’Arte Characters o Masters: (professionals) Come between the Innamorati and the Zanni to help them overcome it Pantalone: Mr. Burns from the Simpsons; Miserly father (wants $$$) Dottore: All words that mean nothing; Medical or professional Capitano: All brag, no brawn; powerful warrior o Zanni: all servant or slave characters Arlecchino: tricky servant, defined by appetite (Male) Colombina: Arlecchino’s girlfriend, wisest person in play (Female) o Innamorati:
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Exam 2 Study Guide - Midterm 2 |1 SIGNIFICANCE/CONTRIBUTION...

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