Review-on-Literature.pptx - Review on Literature Ferdinand...

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Review on LiteratureFerdinand T. Cantular, PhD
OpeningPrayerLord grant us the serenityTo accept the things we cannot change;Courage to change the things we can;And wisdom to know the difference.Living one day at a time;Enjoying one moment at a time;Accepting hardships as the pathway to peace;Taking, as He did, this sinful worldAs it is, not as we would have it;Trusting that He will make all things rightIf we surrender to His Will;So that we may be reasonably happy in this lifeAnd supremely happy with HimForever and ever in the next.Amen.(prayer attributed to Reinhold Neibuhr, 1892-1971)
Introductory pointsLiterature is multi-dimensional. Itsdimensions are all encompassing as itcovers aspects of culture, beliefs, ideologyand all that is in it in a society.This is so because no writer writes froma vacuum; every writer writes from specificexperience, context, and world view that isunique to his/ hersocial world.
The classic way of dividing literature isintopoetryandprose. These two differ intheir form and process of deliveringtheirinsight. Poetry tends to be subtler and moresuggestive whereas prose is direct andstraightforward.
A contemporary way of categorizing woulddivide literature into the following genres-poetry, drama, fiction,andessay. Under eachof this genre there aresubtypes. Poetry hasnarrative and lyric poems; drama hastragedy, comedy, and tragicomedy; fictionhas short story and novel; and essayhascreative non-fiction,feature, journal, diary,and memoir.
Literature as MirrorLiterature reflectsthesocial worldwherever itemerged. Whether the writer is aware or unaware, his/her writings mirror thecultureto which he/ shebelongs.In this way, the Filipinoness of the Filipinocannot only be knownthrough its history, politicalsystem and socio-economic profile but through themyths, legends, epics, proverbs, riddles, songs, andfolktales of its pre-colonial writers and the writings ofF.Balagtas, J.Rizal, M. Arguilla, N.Joaquin, E. Alfon,B. Santos, NVM Gonzales, B. Lumbera,E. & E. Tiempo,G. Abad, L. Arceo, F.S. Jose, L. Deriada, I.Jubaira,C.Bautista ,P. Lacaba,J. An Lim, A. Tan and the rest ofcontemporary Filipino writers.
Each of the writer mentioned and those whoare not mentioned have reflectedin their ownway the life, struggle, hope, and dreams of theFilipino, and the identity of what it means to bea Filipino. The same could also be said of theliteratures and writers of other nations.
Literature as WindowMore than mere artifact of history, literatureallowsits readers to see in an intimate waythe thoughts,feelings, vanities, and beliefs of a particular nation orsocial group.While history would provide rawdata,demographicsandinformation,literatureprovides a vivid picture and deeper insight into- theancient conquest and struggle between the Greeksand the Trojan in Homer’sIliad,the need of spiritualdepth in the medieval times in Dante’sDivineComedy,the ambivalent nature of humanity inShakespeare’s plays and sonnets,
modern man’sinterior conflict caused by the

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