POLS209 - POLS I. What is Pub. Ad? 1. Management of scarce...

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POLS I. What is Pub. Ad? 1. Management of scarce resources to the people 2. The accomplishing side of government II. Importance of Pub. Admin. 1. Growth in Government … ways to measure a. Number of employees hired by the government i. Loose measurement…janitor’s are “government employees” ii. Gov. often works through NGO’s … iii. Can measure better by money spent III. Growth 1. Why has government grown? …grown most rapidly until 1940…at all levels: state, and local a. Bureaucratic imperative – bureaucracies tend to grow i. Few gov. agencies feel that they have “enough” b. War and Terrorism i. Have created demands for more intelligence c. Global Responsibilities i. d. Citizen Demands i. What we expect from our government e. The Great Depression i. Government had to supply jobs f. Population Growth What is the proper role of GOVERNMENT? Government should perform a task if and only if/when all other non-governmental parties who are responsible have failed and the task is deemed good for the general public…ie. Gov should give food/link cards if the Salvation Army food pantry is empty. There are some things that the public can’t handle, because of liability or danger… ….ie… Nuclear meltdown, road construction, 2/4 IV. Value Conflicts in Public Administration A. Efficiency vs. Effectiveness a. Efficiency - Getting the most bang for the buck b. Effectiveness – Getting the job done Ie. During WWII, much better to be effective…throw money at making tanks rather than try to save money (and possibly be defeated) B. Public vs. Private and non-Profit a. Should the government turn the running of prisons over to private sector?
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C. Neutrality vs. Preference a. When should the US not be neutral? i. Affirmative Action D. Individualism vs. Collectivism a. “It takes a village” E. Unfettered Capitalism vs. Regulation a. Libertarians like unfettered capitalism F. Majority Rule vs. Minority Rights V. Public, Third, and Private Sectors Differ (hand out) A. Purpose B. Organizational Complexity C. Revenue Sources D. Public Accountability E. Legal Constraints F. Coercive Power FOIA – Freedom of Information Act VI. Federal Executive Board 2/5/08 VII. Development of P.A. A. Era of Representativeness – informal P.A. (1789-1900) 1. Junk PA 2. Small government, very little PA 3. Focus on elected service…not civil service a. Retained fear of Executive B. Era of Neutral Competence (1900-1930) – separation of politics and administration C. Era of Administrative Science (1930-1950) 1. Management skills could be taught D. “Political” Administration (1950-2014) 1. Growth in bureaucratic power 2. Growth in executive power a. Pols and Pub. Ad can’t be separated b. Problem: w
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The context of Public Administration I. Two ways to view the context of Public Administration - Need to be aware of environment surrounding yourself A. Systems Model (LeMay, p. 29) – a biological approach
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course POLS 209 A taught by Professor Penning during the Spring '08 term at Calvin.

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POLS209 - POLS I. What is Pub. Ad? 1. Management of scarce...

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