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Unformatted text preview: POLS 207A International Relations 2/1/08 International Relations – relationships among the world’s governments 1. Focuses on foreign policy within countries, not a country’s domestic policy. Ex: Trade Policies…several years ago, US put a tariff on Steel…other countries retaliated Immigration Homeland Security 2. Encompasses areas such as international security, international political economy, and international organizations. How does international relations affect our lives? What personal impact does it have on you? Why is it important for Christians to study international relations? CH.1 Political Actors State – territorial entity controlled by a government - How the US acts with Britain….Germany with China…etc. Countries that are states…but not free states: Taiwan, Puerto Rico etc. Sovereignty – final authority on issues Some states which are part of the EU are giving up some of their sovereignty Nation – refers to a group that shares common ethnicity, language etc. 2/5 Non-State Actors NGOs – private orgs (Amnesty, Green Peace, Red Cross) • Multinational corporations • Terrorist networks Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs) NATO, UN, African Union, OPEC • regulatory orgs – International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) • economic orgs – World Bank, IMF Multinational Organizations • ExxonMobil, Toyota, Wal-Mart Levels of Analysis Individual – people who have the power to affect international relations ie. Ban Ki Moon State (Domestic) – what’s happening internally …interest groups ie. Labor Unions shaped by public opinion Interstate – what is official “stuff” coming out of the country Global – worldwide scientific and business communities, global telecommunications, POWER POLITICS Two major theories: Realist theory –sometimes called “idealism” Liberal theory Realism - Explains IR in terms of power Focus on two forms of power : Military power – US is most powerful country Economic power – Economic resources often make for more military power Key assumptions: - States are most important actor o Unitary actor – use Interstate level of analysis…every state has a singular purpose…don’t care HOW things happen…just that it happened o States will act rationally to maximize national interest (usually power) …you can be rational, but can’t depend on others to be rational How do you define what is “rational?” How do you define what a “national interest” is? How do you prioritize what your national interest is? • See power as military strength…or ability to get military strength o Cost-benefit Analysis- VERY Pessimistic about human nature o State vs. State… hesitant to work with international orgs ie… the UN- Operate in Anarchy o Have trouble explaining EU…why would a state cede some of its sovereignty … so that they will get power Liberalism Emphasizes international law, morality, and international organizations rather than just power Key Assumptions:- Cooperation among states is possible o...
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