History of Science Study Guide 2

History of Science Study Guide 2 - History of Science Study...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

History of Science Study Guide Alexandria- Was in Upper Egypt across the Mediterranean from Greece. Founded and named after Alexander the Great, Alexandria was one of the greatest cities of the Hellenistic world. Was home to many discussions and dissections on human anatomy and physiology. Was where Galen learned and carried out his dissections. Galen- Studied Medicine in Alexandria. Galen produced an enormous body of writings, the surviving portions of which occupy twenty two volumes in the standard nineteenth century edition. He believed that a general knowledge of the specific organs was necessary to diagnose disease. Was responsible for the information rebirthed during the renaissance by Vesalius on human anatomy/dissections. Pliny the Elder- Naturalist, natural philosopher, was well schooled in greek philosophy. Wrote Naturalis Historia or Natural History in Latin which he dedicated to Titus. Among the subjects treated were cosmology, astronomy, geography, anthropology, zoology, botany, and mineralogy. He basically wrote this book to portray the general ideas of the universe to people who were not really interested in knowing the mathematical data or in depth explanations of everything. Was the first to attempt to deal with the whole of the universe in a single work. Monasteries- Provided a retreat for Christians who wished to escape the world in the pursuit of holiness. After St. Benedict established the monastery at Monte Casino, the Benedictine rules were written to dictate all aspect of the life of the monk and nun, obliging them to devote the major share of their waking hours to worship, contemplation, and manual labor. Notes the falling off of greek natural philosophy, religion was now the core of learning. Benedictine Rule- The Benedictine Rule dictated all aspects of the life of the monk and nun, obliging them to devote the major share of their waking hours to worship, contemplation, and manual labor. St. Benedict said all monks had to know how to read or be literate, lead to the preservation of Greek Natural Philosophy. Helped to develop libraries. Charlemagne- Charles the Great. Made the first serious attempt to centralize the government in Western Europe since the disappearance of the Roman Empire. Charlemagne undertook educational reforms, importing scholars from abroad to staff a palace school and ordering the establishment of monastery and cathedral schools throughout the realm. Wanted to run a cultural city. Showed a revival of interest in classical legacy, said everyone should be literate, not just monks. Alcuin- Was persuaded by Charlemagne to come direct his educational enterprise. He created the palace school and drew upon Martianis Capelus encyclopedia to teach. He tought the 7 liberal arts consisting of the trivium (grammar, rhetoric, dialect) and the quadrivium (geometry, arithmetic, astronomy, and music). Mandated with Charles the Great the establishment of cathedral and monastery schools, which contributed to a wider
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern