Review_Midterm1 - Indus Valley Region Ca 2500-1600 BC Ca...

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Indus Valley Region Ca. 2500-1600 BC Ca. 2300-1750 BC o Harrapan Culture Based in the city Harrapa Aryan Age Ca. 1500-1000 BC North Indian Conquest and Unification Ca. 1000-450 BC India’s First Imperial Unification Ca. 326-184 BC Ca. 324-301 BC – Chandragupta -Jainism o Focus on building an empire Credit given to Alexander o 301 BC abdicated the throne to become a Jain monk Arthashastra Text written by Kautilya o Advisor to king Discusses the economic policies of the Mauryan Empire o Compared to the Machiavellian ideas from “The Prince” Ca. 301-269 BC – Bhundasara - Hinduism o Hindu leader o Continued to expand trade with the west Ca. 269-232 BC – Ashoka – Budddhist o Considered the greatest emperor until Moslem times. o Early policy Very strict Buddhism Ruthless with rivals and threats Adopted Buddhist policy of peace and non violence because he had no serious enemies left in India o Famous for the inscriptions, describing ethics and religion, on the stone pillars he constructed throughout his empire o Was the first Buddhist king Classical Age AD 320-ca. 700 Ca. 320-550 - Gupta Reign o Imperial power based in Magadha Chosen for its proximity to iron mines o Chandra Gupta Mauryan ruler who is crowned in 320 Struck coins to commemorate his coronation
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Assumed title of “Great King of Kings” Married into another tribe to consolidate control o 335-375 – Samudra, son of Chandra, expands empire into Punjab, Bengal and Kashmir, and eventually the Deccan. Held substantial control over India Power struggles emerge in finding Samudra’s successor (revealed in writings of Vishakhadatta Chandra Gupta II gains power (not related to orig.) o 409 – Gupta completely defeat Shakas. Held control of Arabian Sea ports => Western trade Gained more control in Vindhyas by marrying his daughter to king of region Marries into Naga tribe to strengthen eastern control Liberal, enlightened time Tolerance and freedom important Internally peaceful time Hospitals available for public Buddhism flourishes Brahmanic Hinduism revived in N. India
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course HIST 142 taught by Professor Wink during the Fall '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Review_Midterm1 - Indus Valley Region Ca 2500-1600 BC Ca...

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