Take Home Essay #3 - Jack Goodfriend (Jenny Corbett, Ann...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Jack Goodfriend (Jenny Corbett, Ann Honor, Philip Ashkanaz) Take Home Exam #3 1A) Economic Policies In 1991, India adopted a free market economy that would allow the market to rely on market forces. As a result there was a larger middle class and an increase in exports. The free economy led to the growth of infrastructure with more highways, roads, electric wiring, and water resources. The standard of living went up for many Indian people. India has been becoming increasingly urbanized as the population in urban areas has grown from 19.9% in 1971 to 27.8% in 2001. With more cities there has been more opportunities in manufacturing and the service industry. The Indian technology sector has been identified as a major growth force because of its ability to create wealth and employment opportunities. India has also seen an increase in demand for skilled labor and the capital in the manufacturing industry has increased. 1B) There is still a lot of poverty in India and some people have argued that in the free market the gap between rich and poor has grown. There is also the argument that employment has not increased and the economic growth only benefits a minority of the people. A majority of the workforce in India works in the informal economy where the work is unprotected and there is not a safety net on income. Some people earn less than a dollar a day per capita and 93% of the people in India work for the informal economy. 235 million people working in agriculture do not make ends meet and 36% of agricultural workers live below the poverty line.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2A) Dalits Dalits are people who followed Dr. Ambedkar and converted out of Hinduism when the government failed to institute significant changes for untouchables. A big event for Dalits is the failure of the 1951 Hindu Code Bill to be passed which would grant more rights to low class Hindus. Ambedkar urged the people to turn to Buddhism to escape the injustices. In turn, giving up Hinduism meant that the people lost their legal rights as scheduled caste members. Dalit’s activism was many times met with violence from higher castes who did not like their boldness. In the 1990s, some political candidates reached out to represent scheduled castes and Dalits and rearranged voting behaviors in those classes. The Bhopal Declaration also demanded rights for Dalits and what the government should do to ensure the rights. They demanded equal rights for Dalits and legal protection of equality for women in fields that men predominate. The constitution of India helped create change in India by giving legal rights and protections for Dalits. 2B) The 1951 Hindu Code Bill was not passed and therefore did not give them the legal change the scheduled castes wanted. Also, in 1952 Ambedkar was not elected to parliament and he became disheartened by his defeats and resorted to promoting conversion as the answer. There was little legal change from the events directly but the uprisings and growing populations led to candidates having to appeal to the Dalits for
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This essay was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course POLI SCI 252 taught by Professor Elder during the Fall '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

Page1 / 10

Take Home Essay #3 - Jack Goodfriend (Jenny Corbett, Ann...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online