Lecture 3.pdf - Youthful nationalism Lecture 3 week 4...

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Youthful nationalismLecture 3, week 4HY1101e Asia and the Modern World
agendaPart 1: Historical Overview of late 19C- early 20C “Modernization movements”—Japan, China, Korea, SiamJapan turning into its own empirePart 2: Historians’ tool: “discourse” The rise of nationalismThe rise of youth
From the pre-lecture reading:Was Japan the only nation that sought Westernization?Was modernization and Westernization the same thing?Was modernity and Western value the same thing?
Semi-colonial Siam/ThailandBuffer zone between the British and the French1855 Bowring Treaty A.k.a. Treaty of Friendship and Commerce signed between Great Britain and Siam Permitted foreign trade Granted extraterritorial rights to aliens
SIAM/THAILANDKing Mongkut (1851-1868)Full: Phra Bat Somdet Phra PoramenthraMaha Mongkut Phra Chom Klao Chao Yu HuaIntellectual curios, open-mindedContacts with missionariesLearned English, LatinForeign teachers in the Palace"The Father of Science and Technology"
SIAM/THAILANDKing Chulalongkorn (1868-1910)Off to OxbridgeTravels, networking with European royalsAdopting Western tastesBecoming siwilai(‘civilized’) like the FarangTrading territory for independence
What does it mean to build a modern state?
QING CHINAThe Opium Trade-The only consumer goods that could pay for tea and silk-Mass production in British India-Qing government’s resistance
First Opium War (1839-42)Treaty of Nanjing (Nanking) (1842) ®treaty port concessionsSecond Opium War (1856-1869)More conflicts, more treaties, more concessionsQING CHINAThis is a wake-up call!
QING CHINA:Self-Strengthening Movement (1860s-1890s)1. “Use barbarians to fight barbarians”. ±²³²2. Military technology, some Western learning3. Only partial success100 Days’ Reform (1898)New governanceAdvocacy for practical knowledgeConservative oppositionLi Hongzhang±²³Zhang Zhidong´µ¶Kang Youwei±²³Liang Qichao·¸¹Dowager Empress Cixiº»¼½
In the meantime, in Qing ChinaAnti-foreigner uprisingsAnti-missionary, anti-Christian activities at local scaleBoxer Rebellion ¾¿À(1898-1901)oFrom anti-Qing to Qing allyo‘Support the Qing, exterminate the foreigners’oInvasion of Eight-Nation Alliance More concessions
OPPOSITION TO QING DYNASTYTaiping Rebellion (mid-19thc)“Foreigners on the throne”A New KingdomSun Yat-Sen ÁÂÃ/ÁÄÅTongmenghui. ´µ¶(Japan, 1905)1911 Xinhai Revolution: establishment of the Republic·¸¹º
JAPANTraditionally, a loose tributary relationship with Chinese dynastiesThere has been only

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