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4/8/2019Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs | Simply Psychology1/10Maslow's Hierarchy of NeedsBy Saul McLeod, updated 2018Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a motivational theory in psychology comprising a five-tiermodel of human needs, often depicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid.Needs lower down in the hierarchy must be satisfied before individuals can attend to needshigher up. From the bottom of the hierarchy upwards, the needs are: physiological, safety,love and belonging, esteem and self-actualization.maslow's hierarchy of needs five stage pyramidDeficiency needs vs. growth needsThis five-stage model can be divided into deficiencyneeds and growth needs. The first four levels are oftenreferred to as deficiency needs (D-needs), and the toplevel is known as growth or being needs (B-needs).Deficiency needs arise due to deprivation and are saidto motivate people when they are unmet. Also, themotivation to fulfill such needs will become strongerthe longer the duration they are denied. For example,the longer a person goes without food, the more hungry they will become.Maslow (1943) initially stated that individuals must satisfy lower level deficit needs before progressing on to meethigher level growth needs. However, he later clarified that satisfaction of a needs is not an “all-or-none” phenomenon,admitting that his earlier statements may have given “the false impression that a need must be satisfied 100 percentbefore the next need emerges” (1987, p. 69).When a deficit need has been 'more or less' satisfied it will go away, and our activities become habitually directedtowards meeting the next set of needs that we have yet to satisfy. These then become our salient needs. However,growth needs continue to be felt and may even become stronger once they have been engaged.Personality TestCase Studyychology Degreeld 'S Psychologistsychologist TestEARCHES
4/8/2019Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs | Simply Psychology2/10maslow's hierarchy of needs five stage pyramid showing deficiency needs and growth needsGrowth needs do not stem from a lack of something, but rather from a desire to grow as aperson. Once these growth needs have been reasonably satisfied, one may be able to reachthe highest level called self-actualization.Every person is capable and has the desire to move up the hierarchy toward a level of self-actualization. Unfortunately, progress is often disrupted by a failure to meet lower levelneeds. Life experiences, including divorce and loss of a job, may cause an individual tofluctuate between levels of the hierarchy.Therefore, not everyone will move through the hierarchy in a uni-directional manner butmay move back and forth between the different types of needs.