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NURS 6521: Introduction to Advanced PharmacologyWeek 8 Main PostHIVHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an infection typically contracted during sex butcan also be transmitted exposure to an infected individual’s blood or from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breast-feeding (Mayo Clinic, 2018). This relentless virus destroys the immune system and inhibits the body from protecting itself from the infection (Mayo Clinic, 2018). Two types of this virus have been identified; HIV- 1 affects individuals worldwide and in the United States, whereas HIV-2 affects individuals from West Africa and is found to have a lowtransmission rate and progression rate (Arcangelo, Peterson, Wilbur, & Reinhold, 2017). The prevalence of HIV cases in the United States can be attributed to the complacency of the disease based on drug treatments. Many individuals are unaware of the potential dangers and take risks motivated by self-satisfaction. Although several drugs can help delay the progression of the disease, there is no cure. Life is prolonged, and symptoms are managed with medication, but the disease continues to contribute to many deaths each year.