2nd Sem Exam Renaissance.docx - British Literature 2nd...

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British Literature 2 nd Semester Exam Review – Renaissance Portion Henry VIII – ruled from 1509 – 1547, was a practicing Catholic, he wrote a book against Martin Luther and also called “Defender of the Faith o He first married Catherine of Aragon (brother’s widow) but she had multiple miscarriages then had a daughter named Mary . o Henry VIII wants an annulment so he could marry Anne Boleyn because she might have a male child. o 1533 goes to the Archbishop of Canterbury and annulled the marriage. This resulted in Henry VIII excommunication o He married Anne Boleyn , which lead to England’s break with the Roman Catholic Church. Anne gave birth to another daughter named Elizabeth . o 1534 Henry issued the Act of Supremacy giving him the full control of Church of England o Married Jane Seymour after two weeks of Anne’s execution and they produced a son named Edward VI. Married three more times but no more heirs Henry VII – first Tudor Monarch, 1485 – 1509 ruled until he died but while he ruled he rebuilt the nations treasury and established law and order which was good for the people Edward VI – was king at age 9 but died at age 15. He was born prematurely but considered the first Protestant King of England . Parliamentary Acts Instituted, English replaced Latin in the church service. Anglican prayer book was made called the Book of Common Prayer , required in public worship Mary I – 1553 – 1558, devout catholic that restored Roman Catholic practices and the Pope’s authority . Violently repressed Protestants executing over 200 people earning the nickname “Bloody Mary ”. She strengthened anti – Catholic sentiment within England. Elizabeth I – 1558 – 1603, daughter of Anne Boleyn who was not raised Catholic, last Tudor and she died unmarried and childless. Considered England’s ablest monarch that received a Renaissance education , knew six languages that helped her communicate. Great patron of the arts; resulted in the Elizabethan Era . She ended the religious turmoil: 1.

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