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British Literature 2ndSemester Exam Review – Renaissance PortionHenry VIII– ruled from 1509 – 1547, was a practicing Catholic, he wrote a book against Martin Luther and also called “Defender of the Faith” oHe first married Catherine of Aragon(brother’s widow) but she had multiple miscarriagesthen had a daughter named Mary.oHenry VIII wants an annulmentso he could marry Anne Boleyn because she might have a male child. o1533 goes to the Archbishop of Canterburyand annulled the marriage. This resulted in Henry VIII excommunicationoHe married Anne Boleyn, which lead to England’s break with the Roman Catholic Church. Anne gave birth to another daughter named Elizabeth.o1534 Henry issued the Act of Supremacy giving him the full control of Church of EnglandoMarried Jane Seymour after two weeks of Anne’s execution and they produced a son named Edward VI. Married three more times but no more heirsHenry VII– first Tudor Monarch, 1485 – 1509 ruled until he died but while he ruled he rebuilt the nations treasury and established law and order which was good for the peopleEdward VI– was king at age 9but died at age 15. He was born prematurely but considered the first Protestant King of England. Parliamentary Acts Instituted, English replaced Latin in the church service. Anglican prayer book was made called the Book of Common Prayer, required in public worshipMary I– 1553 – 1558, devout catholic that restored Roman Catholic practices and the Pope’s authority. Violently repressed Protestants executing over 200 people earning the nickname “Bloody Mary”. She strengthened anti – Catholic sentiment within England.Elizabeth I– 1558 – 1603, daughter of Anne Boleyn who was not raised Catholic, last Tudor and she died unmarried and childless. Considered England’s ablest monarchthat received a Renaissance education, knew six languages that helped her communicate. Great patron of the arts; resulted in the Elizabethan Era. She ended the religious turmoil:1.