6-1 LearnSmart Assignment Juggling Stress, Family, Money and Work..docx - Living with Stress Stressed out Tests papers job demands family problems

6-1 LearnSmart Assignment Juggling Stress, Family, Money and Work..docx

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Living with Stress Stressed out? Tests, papers, job demands, family problems, volunteer activities…. It's no surprise that these can produce stress. But it may be a surprise to know that so can graduating from college, starting your dream job, falling in love, getting married, and even winning the lottery. Virtually anything —good or bad—is capable of producing stress if it presents us with a challenge. Stress Stress The physical and emotional response to events that threaten or challenge us. is the physical and emotional response we have to events that threaten or challenge us. It is rooted in the primitive “fight or flight” response wired into all animals—human and nonhuman. You see it in cats, for instance, when confronted by a dog or other threat: Their backs go up, their fur stands on end, their eyes widen, and, ultimately, they either take off or attack. The challenge stimulating this revved-up response is called a stressor. For humans, stressors can range from a first date to losing our wallet to experiencing a tornado or hurricane. Page 239 Because our everyday lives are filled with events that can be interpreted as threatening or challenging, stress is commonplace in most people's lives. There are three main types of stressors: 1. Cataclysmic events are events that occur suddenly and affect many people simultaneously. Tornadoes, hurricanes, and plane crashes are examples of cataclysmic events. 2. Personal stressors are major life events that produce a negative physical and psychological reaction. Failing a course, losing a job, and ending a relationship are all examples of personal stressors. Sometimes positive events—such as getting married or starting a new job—can act as personal stressors. Although the short-term impact of a personal stressor can be difficult, the long-term consequences may decline as people learn to adapt to the situation. 3. Daily hassles are the minor irritants of life that, singly, produce relatively little stress. Waiting in a traffic jam, receiving a bill riddled with mistakes, and being interrupted by noises of major construction while trying to study are examples of such minor irritants.
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However, daily hassles add up, and cumulatively, they can produce even more stress than a single larger-scale event. ( Figure 10.1 indicates the most common daily hassles in people's lives.)
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figure 10.1 Daily Hassles Source: K. Chamberlain and S. Zika, "The Minor Events Approach to Stress: Support for Use of Daily Hassles," British Journal of Psychology 81 (1990), pp. 469–481. What Is Happening When We Are Stressed? Stress does more than make us feel anxious, upset, and fearful. Beneath those responses, we are experiencing many different physical reactions, each placing a high demand on our body's resources. Our hearts beat faster, our breathing becomes more rapid and shallow, and we produce more sweat. Our internal organs churn out a variety of hormones.
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