Lecture 3.docx - RECAP Three themes brought about...

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RECAP - Three themes brought about sentiments regarding drug use in the 1800s—organic chemistry, hypodermic syringes - Wasn’t drug user paradise—there were concerns about addiction (opium wars) which led to new legislation DRUG LEGISLATION - The US was one of the last industrialized countries to implement drug legislation - People were moving to the US for a fresh start to free from oppression by government and persecution o Migration westward once government control was established in the 13 colonies, avoiding tax collectors (whiskey) - IMAGE: Whiskey-producing rebels as they tar-and-feather a tax collector (Whiskey Rebellion of 1794) o Farmers harm tax collectors and protest the ability to tax WHISKEY REBELLION of 1794 - Farmers in the West were making grain whiskey w/o paying taxes - Revolutionary war ended and government needed tax money o Disproportionately favored large distillers (East) while harming Westerners with smaller operations. Both sides were being taxed the same way and same amount - 1974: Western farmers who hadn’t paid tax decided to shoot at a U.S. marshal who was there to take them to court o US military sent thousands of soldiers to western frontiers to deal with whiskey rebels Led by Washington. First and only time a sitting president led troops - No loss of life or major strikes - Rebellion put into place two things o US government has the ability to enforce direct oversight over the states—to enforce federal laws within the state (first time government directly intervened) Today’s marijuana dilemma: certain states legalized it, but it is still illegal at the federal level so fed gov could send troops to people that purchase legally at state level o First time under new US constitution that government tried regulation of a legal substances within the US - Whiskey tax didn’t last o Hamilton was unpopular for it and Jefferson later overturned it o At least it is some evidence for some legal stature within the US o This was the status quo for next ~100 years. Had the Civil War, had westward expansion KEEP IN MIND - Drug laws (old and current) are usually based on tradition and beliefs at the time that legislation is drafted (types of people that use drugs and what it does to people) 1875 SAN FRANCISCO ORDINANCE - Gold was discovered in California in in 1848 gold rush, westward expansion
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o Laborers arrived in San Francisco from China for building infrastructure (and gold rush too) - Within China, opium issue took care of because of effective taxation, but it still came overseas with Chinese laborers - Opiates cause sedation (relaxation), not crazy behavior, but there was a stigma among white men at the time (partly because of job competition) that men who partook in opium in dens were perceived as evil addicts - The 1875 San Fran Ordinance was first actual drug law within the U.S.
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  • Fall '19
  • Controlled Substances Act, Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, Drug control history

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