Geology Final Study Guide.docx - Important Notes from...

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Important Notes from Lectures: Lecture 01 Intro and Eclipse Draw and label the internal structure of planet Earth. Draw the rock cycle and explain the processes that transform geologic materials. List the eras/eons and periods of the Earth's time scale, in chronological order. Know how eclipses happen. Lecture 02 Earth Structure & Rock Cycle Lecture 03 Geo Time & Systems Lecture 04 Minerals Pt 1 Know the basic properties of minerals, and what properties identify which minerals. Know the common rock-forming silicate minerals and identify examples. Know the important non-silicate mineral groups and identify examples. Lecture 05 Minerals Pt 2 Lecture 06 Mineral Groups Lecture 07 Igneous Formation Know what controls the size of the crystals in igneous rocks. Explain and use the system for naming igneous rocks, based on texture and composition. Know Bowen's Reaction Series and what it says about how igneous rocks form. Lecture 08 Igneous Rock Names Lecture 09 Igneous Landforms & Hazards Define weathering, erosion, and deposition. Know the major chemical and mechanical weathering processes. Know the results from weathering of igneous rocks. Identify the layers of a typical undisturbed soil profile. Identify the major soil classes (engineering and agricultural). Interpret a grain size distribution curve. Lecture 10 Weathering Lecture 11 Weathering Erosion & Soils Lecture 12 Soils & Sed Rx Describe the major depositional environments and know what rocks form there. Be able to identify the major sedimentary rocks, including their type and texture. Know the clast size classes. Know the processes that transform sediments into sedimentary rocks. Know which sedimentary structures form in which depositional environments, under what energy conditions. Lecture 13 Sed Rx Pt 2 Lecture 14 Sed Rx Pt 3 Lecture 15 Meta Rx Pt 1 Interpret the history of a rock mass, including type and grade of metamorphism, from a temperature-pressure diagram. Describe what happens during metamorphism. Identify the major metamorphic rocks, including their texture, mineral composition, parent rock(s), and the metamorphic environments where they form.
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Relate metamorphic index minerals to grade of metamorphism. Relate metamorphic environments to plate tectonic settings. Lecture 16 Meta Rx Pt 2 Lecture 17 Meta Rx Pt 3 Lecture 18 Geo Time Pt 1 Define and diagram the six basic laws for determining relative age relationships of geologic events. Identify the three types of unconformities, diagram them, and describe how they form. Know how to correlate rock formations, incorporating facies changes. Identify the major types of fossils. Determine the relative sequence of past geologic events from photos, cross-sections, and maps. Know what types of radioactivity can be used to date rock.
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