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Liu 1 Privacy Protection Laws Between the United States and the European Union Tingting Liu(U11961534) Computer Science
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Liu 2 Abstract In contemporary society, the fast development of big data and technological advances increase the exposure of personal information to a great extent which has raised privacy concerns worldwide. Therefore, privacy law is spreading, interacting, referencing, and improving among different countries. In order to better understand various privacy laws, this paper presents a functional comparison upon current privacy laws between the United States and the European Union, which laws are relevant to internet privacy protection, cookie law to different approaches to implement. Moreover, it will discuss the effects of privacy laws on technology and economics respectively. Keywords: internet privacy protection, cookie law, approaches, technology, economics. 1. Introduction It is clear that when human beings formed subjective consciousness, the idiom of privacy is human right then took shape at once from real life to the virtual word. In addition, in the multicultural world, vary countries use different ways to acknowledge and accept privacy rights through legislation or cases. This article focuses on privacy and privacy protection between the United States and European Union. 2. Privacy laws in the Unites States The United States takes the lead in systematically study privacy rights and implements authentic legislation to protect those rights globally, which first successfully accumulated abundant theoretical and practical experience compared to all other nations. The right to privacy was first mentioned in the ethics of On Privacy of Harvard Law Review by Louis D.Brandeis and Samuel D.Warren in 1890. However, the United States adores separately set up private crime and criminal responsibility, which leads constitution to the lack of integrality and makes it suffused with one-sidedness. As a result, privacy protection in the United States in absonant gradually with the incessant increase of privacy protection laws, however, the effectiveness is not satisfying. For example, most of privacy laws in the United States are developed by indigenous industry bodies, which are intended to protect specific and only certain types of information in the industry. (U.S. Privacy Law) 3. Privacy laws in the European Union Europe takes the forefront stage on the development of laws through the whole world, and the methods of protection are divided as internal legislation individually, and combination for the European Union. In internal legislation, Sweden took the lead and enacted the Data Protection Act , in addition, every country in the EU Union exists autocephalous corresponding data protection laws. Unlike the United States, the collection, store, utilization, and spread of those data protection laws all abide by standards, which are applicable to everyone in the European Union with a few limitations. On account of the basis of European economic integration, multifarious systems also gradually have been unified. Therefore, protection in Europe is considered as comprehensive statutory protection.
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