Week 6 Muscle (s).ppt - Musculoskeletal System Chapter 12 PowerPoint Lecture Notes to Accompany Medical Terminology Express Second Edition Barbara A

Week 6 Muscle (s).ppt - Musculoskeletal System Chapter 12...

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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Musculoskeletal System Musculoskeletal System Chapter 12 PowerPoint Lecture Notes to Accompany Medical Terminology Express, Second Edition Barbara A. Gylys Regina M. Masters
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Posterior and anterior view of muscles. 12 12 MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM Structure Structure Muscles Three types of muscles Skeletal Smooth Cardiac
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Axial (bone-colored) and appendicular (blue) skeleton. 12 12 MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM Structure Structure Human skeleton Consists of 206 individual bones. Composed of bones, cartilages, joints, and ligaments.
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Axial (bone-colored) and appendicular (blue) skeleton. 12 12 MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM Structure Structure Human skeleton (continued) To describe bones more easily, the skeleton is grouped as: Axial skeleton , which forms the long axis of the body. Skull, rib cage, vertebral column.
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Axial (bone-colored) and appendicular (blue) skeleton. 12 12 MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM Structure Structure Human skeleton (continued) Appendicular skeleton , which attaches limbs to the axial skeleton. Upper and lower limbs and girdles (shoulder bones and hip bones).
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company 12 12 MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM Structure and Function Structure and Function Bones (continued) Four types Short Irregular Flat Long Diaphysis—shaft, or long portion, of the bone Distal and proximal epiphysis—two ends of the bone
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company 12 12 MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM Structure and Function Structure and Function Attachments Tendons Fibrous connective tissue. Binds muscle to bone. Ligaments Fibrous connective tissue. Binds bone to bone. Holds structures together to keep them stable.
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company 12 12 MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM Structure and Function Exercise Structure and Function Exercise 1. What are four principal types of bones? Short bones, flat bones, irregular bones, and long bones 2. Provide a few examples of long bones. Long bones are found in the extremities of the body, such as the legs, arms, fingers, and toes. 3. What are the terms given to the ends of a long bone? Distal epiphysis and proximal epiphysis
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company 12 12 MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM Structure and Function Exercise Structure and Function Exercise 4. Name the three types of muscles found in the body. Skeletal, smooth, and cardiac
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Posterior and anterior view of muscles. 12 12 MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM Define Combining Forms Exercise Define Combining Forms Exercise Muscular System 1.muscul/o, my, o: muscle 2.leiomy/o: smooth muscle (visceral) 3.lumb/o: loins (lower back) 4.tendin/o: tendon
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Anterior view of skeleton.
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