Medical Terminology Chapter 1 (s)-1.ppt - Introduction to Medical Terminology Chapter 1 PowerPoint Lecture Notes to Accompany Medical Terminology

Medical Terminology Chapter 1 (s)-1.ppt - Introduction to...

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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Introduction to Introduction to Medical Terminology Medical Terminology Chapter 1 Chapter 1 PowerPoint Lecture Notes to Accompany Medical Terminology Express, Second Edition Barbara A. Gylys Regina M. Masters
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company 1 INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Overview Overview Medical Terminology Specialized language used by health care providers. Four elements are used to build medical words: Word root (WR) Combining form (CF) Suffix Prefix
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company 1 INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Overview Overview Medical Terminology (continued) Three rules of word building. Defining medical words. Pronunciation guidelines. Changing suffixes from singular to plural .
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Word Root (WR) Foundation of a medical word that contains its main meaning. Usually derived from Latin or Greek language. Most medical words contain at least one WR. hepat in hepat/itis tonsill in tonsill/ectomy gastr in gastr/oma laryng in laryng/itis 1 INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Word Elements Word Elements
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company 1 INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Word Elements Word Elements Combining Form (CF) Created when a WR is combined with a vowel, known as a combining vowel. Combining vowel usually an o, but sometimes an i or an e. Difficulty pronouncing certain combinations of WRs requires insertion of a vowel. Combining vowel has no meaning of its own but enables two or more word elements to be connected.
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company 1 INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Word Elements Word Elements Combining Form mamm/o in mamm/o/gram psych/o in psych/o/logy laryng/o in laryng/o/spasm hepat/o in hepat/o/megaly
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company 1 INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Word Elements Word Elements Suffix Word element at the end of a word. Changes the meaning of a medical word. Contained in most medical words. Usually an indication of a pathology, condition, symptom, therapeutic or diagnostic procedure, or part of speech (noun vs adjective).
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company 1 INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Word Elements Word Elements Suffix -ectomy in append/ectomy -itis in appendic/itis -oma in neur/oma -tomy in crani/o/tomy -scope in gastr/o/scope -oma in gastr/oma
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Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company 1 INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Word Elements Word Elements Prefix Word element at the beginning of a word. Many are the same as those used in the English language. Changes the meaning of a medical word. Not contained in all medical words.
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  • Grammatical number, Inflection, F.A. Davis Company, Pronunciation guidelines

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