Aldehydes and Ketones.pptx - Review Complete the following...

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Review Complete the following reactions: a) Dehydration of 2-propanol
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Review b) Dehydration of 2,4-dimethylcyclohexanol
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Review c) Oxidation of 2-butanol d) Oxidation of 1-butanol
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Review e) Oxidation of 2-methyl-2-butanol
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Aldehydes and Ketones Chapter 14
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Aldehydes and Ketones Aldehydes and ketones contain a carbonyl group (C=O) Aldehyde: Has at least one H atom bonded to the carbonyl group Ketone: Has two alkyl groups bonded to the carbonyl group
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Aldehydes and Ketones The carbonyl carbon atom is trigonal planar , and all bond angles are 120 degree Oxygen is more electronegative than carbon, creating a dipole The carbonyl carbon has a partial positive charge (δ⁺) The oxygen has a partial negative charge (δ⁻) The carbonyl group is polar δ δ + 120 ֯
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Examples Classify each compound as an aldehyde or ketone. A. C. B. D. O
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Naming Aldehydes IUPAC: Aldehydes are named by replacing the –e in the alkane name with al 1.
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  • Fall '19
  • Functional group, Carbonyl, ketone

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