Exam 2 Guide to Learning.docx - Guides to Learning Exam Two...

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Guides to Learning: Exam Two I. Chapter one A. Government Agencies 1. Roles and responsibilities a. USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) - provides leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, rural development, nutrition, and related issues based on sound public policy, the best available science, and efficient management b. FDA (Food and Drug Administration) - responsible for protecting the public health by ensuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, and medical devices; and by ensuring the safety of our nation's food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation. c. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - protect America from health, safety, and security threats of disease, both foreign and in the US. B. Evidence based practice (EBP) see page 14 The new paradigm in health care is evidence-based practice: using current research and published findings to make appropriate decisions. Successful evidence-based practice requires that you keep current on new standards of practice, carry out planned protocols to evaluate new methods or programs, and share your outcomes with others. Evidence-based practice is a three-step process, as follows: Identify the problem: What is the question that you need to answer? Are you developing a new treatment protocol and need some guidance? Are you planning a community health education program and want to learn how you can evaluate it? Do you need some new ideas on how to motivate pregnant teens to consume a healthy diet? Review the evidence: Search for studies in your professional journals that address this question and critically evaluate what you find. How many patients or clients participated? What was the time period of the study? What types of information did the researchers collect? Were the research participants and circumstances similar to yours? Based on the outcomes of the studies you find, are there some things that you will try to do differently to achieve a better outcome? Implement the findings: Following your review of the existing information, develop and implement a plan for your patients or group. Be sure to include an evaluation component so that you can rate the outcome and success of your plan. When you have completed your project and compiled your results, share them with other professionals at your facility and at local or state professional meetings. Was your plan successful or what would you do
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