...or_der_184115365(2).doc - Running head REVERSE RECYCLING...

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Running head: REVERSE RECYCLING MACHINE OR REVERSE VENDING MACHINE 1 Reverse Recycling Machine or Reverse Vending Machine Name Institution
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REVERSE RECYCLING MACHINE OR REVERSE VENDING MACHINE 2 Abstract
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REVERSE RECYCLING MACHINE OR REVERSE VENDING MACHINE 3 Reverse Recycling Machine or Reverse Vending Machine Introduction A reverse vending machine or a reverse recycling machine is a machine used to promote recycling of plastic bottles by rewarding the people who recycle the bottles. The machine gives them vouchers to spend in certain shops depending on the number of times they recycle bottles. This is an upgrade from conventional reverse vending machines, which normally offered money to users in return for empty beverage containers and plastic bottles. In most cases, these machines are available in places with mandatory laws regarding recycling as well as container deposit legislation (California Integrated Waste Management Board, 1992). Bottle manufacturing companies (bottlers) are the ones who raise the resources, which are disbursed to recyclers of the containers in a reverse vending machine. They raise these funds through centralized pool systems. Moreover, the extra resources raised by bottlers, which is the excess money after people who recycle bottles have been compensated by the reverse recycling machine, is channeled towards supporting environmental conservation initiatives like garbage collection (Sandahl, 2013). Some of the leading companies that manufacture and distribute reverse vending machines worldwide are Kansmacker (located in Michigan USA), Envipco (located in the U.S.), Tomra (located in Norway), and Wincor Nixdorf (located in Germany) (Tomari, Kadir, Zakaria, Zakaria, Wahab, & Jabbar, 2017). The following paper analyzes the concept of reverse vending machines, particularly with regard to the sorting and separation of materials into three different bins. The normal recycler works in such a way that the recycler places an empty bottle or an empty can into the receiving aperture. According to the design of the system, the horizontal in-feed system only allows the user to insert one can or one bottle at a time into the vending machine (Segrave, 2002). The
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REVERSE RECYCLING MACHINE OR REVERSE VENDING MACHINE 4 modern reverse vending machine is an upgrade of the ancient machine majorly because; unlike in the older machine where the user was required to open the door manually before placing the empty container in the machine, the modern machine has a receiving aperture where users easily place the empty containers (Tomari et al., 2017). The recycling process continued afterwards following the release and closure of the door. Basically, this machine works such that it automatically spins or rotates the empty bottles placed on the receiving aperture to recycle them and make them ready for reuse (Tomari et al., 2017).
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  • Fall '19
  • Segrave, iSmithers Rapra

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