Pharm Midterm Study Guide.docx - Fall 2018 RNSG 1301 Pharmacology Mid-Term Study Guide Review the questions concepts and medications outlined below 1

Pharm Midterm Study Guide.docx - Fall 2018 RNSG 1301...

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 12
  • 100% (6) 6 out of 6 people found this document helpful

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 12 pages.

Fall 2018 RNSG 1301 Pharmacology Mid-Term Study Guide Review the questions, concepts and medications outlined below. 1. How does a nurse know a client is experiencing an adverse reactions or allergic reaction? Adverse Reaction: Adverse effects are undesired effects that may be unpleasant or even dangerous The drug may have other effects on the body besides the therapeutic effect. The patient may be sensitive to the drug being given. The drug’s action on the body may cause other responses that are undesirable or unpleasant. The patient may be taking too much or too little of the drug, leading to adverse effects. Allergic Reaction: formation of antibodies to a drug or drug protein; causes an immune response when the person is next exposed to that drug. A patient cannot be allergic to a drug that has never been taken, although patients can have cross-allergies to drugs within the same drug class as one formerly taken. Drug allergies fall into four main classifications: anaphylactic reactions, cytotoxic reactions, serum sickness, and delayed reactions 2. What are the roles of the different regulating bodies for medications? (i.e. DEA, FDA, CDC, etc) Food and Drug Administration (FDA): federal agency responsible for the regulation and enforcement of drug evaluation and distribution policies Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA): responsible for enforcement of controlled substance policies: regulates the manufacturing, distribution, and dispensing of drugs that are known to have abuse potential. Drug schedules. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC ): Its main goal is to protect public health and safety through the control and prevention of disease, injury, and disability in the US and internationally. The CDC focuses national attention on developing and applying disease control and prevention. 3. The HALF-LIFE of a medication is 60 minutes. What does this mean? The half-life of a drug is the time it takes for the amount of drug in the body to decrease to one half of the peak level it previously achieved. For instance, if a patient takes 20 mg of a drug with a half-life of 2 hours, 10 mg of the drug will remain 2 hours after administration. Two hours later, 5 mg will be left (one half of the previous level); in 2 more hours, only 2.5 mg will remain. 4. Understand the Nursing Process and be prepared to recognize examples of it. ADPIE
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Fall 2018 5. What factors affect ABSORPTION of an oral medication? -Acidity of stomach -Length of time in stomach -Blood flow to gastrointestinal tract -Presence of interacting foods or drugs 6. What are the differences in the pregnancy categories? *KNOW CATEGORY D 7. What is the purpose of a SCOPOLAMINE PATCH and how are they applied? Applying the patch: The patch should be applied to clean, dry, intact, and hairless area of the body. Do not shave an area of application – that could abrade the skin and lead to increased absorption. Hair may be clipped if necessary.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes