international relations - Yasman Bafandkar Professor James...

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Yasman Bafandkar Professor James Nguyen International Relations 26 June 2015 Chap 6. 1) Ayatollah Khomeini (1902-1982), the leader of the Iranian Islamic revolution is one of the most important politicians in modern time that has had a huge impact on the international system. Ayatollah Khomeini succeeded in overthrowing the Shah of Iran, and changed the international system drastically. One of the reasons for why his actions had impacts globally, is that he become the leader of a country that is rich on natural resources. Also, he was a religious leader, which means that his opinions and thoughts were not only important to the iranian people, but also shia muslims from other parts of the world. Before Ayatollah Khomeini became the leader, Iran was the country in Middle East that had the closest relations to The United States of America. However, after Khomeini became the leader, Iran became the state in Middle East that had the most anti-American politics. Ayatollah Khomeini did not only affect Iran's relations with western countries, but he also managed to change the political structure within the Middle East. In his speeches, Ayatollah Khomeini encouraged the shia populations in Arab states (ruled by sunni governments) to make revolution, and thereby, the Arab states feel threatened and changed their policies against Iran. If Ayatollah Khomeini did not exist, the hostage drama of American diplomats right after the revolution would not have happened. The relations between Iran and United States would be totally different and friendly. The Arab countries would have better relations with Iran and not accuse Iran for threatening their domestic security.
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The conclusion can be drawn that the reason for why Ayatollah Khomeini had such an impact on the international system is because he had both economic and ideological power. Khomeini had economic power, because he was the leader for one of the world's richest countries when it comes to oil, and ideological power, because he was considered to be the leader of the world's shia muslim population. Chap 7. 1) I disagree with the statement that ``there are no significant reasons for states to obey international law, and without enforcement mechanisms, such law has little effect on international relations``. The reasons for why I disagree with this statement is that there are significant reasons for states to obey international law, there are enforcement mechanisms (although not explicit) and international law has an effect on international system. In order to understand why international laws are useful and necessarily, we must first understand what international law is. International law has been developed over centuries and is about everything from international cooperation on transport and communications laws to how war may be fought. International laws mainly focuses and regulates how states should act towards one another.
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  • Fall '19
  • Ayatollah Khomeini

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