introduction-of-Ethics-June-2019.ppt - Chapter 1...

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Chapter 1 Introduction of ethics
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Why rules are important in the society? Why do we need rules in the society?
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Possible Answers Why do we need rules in the society? Laws protect our general safety, and ensure our rights as citizens against abuses by other people, by organizations, and by the government itself. We have laws to help provide for our general safety. These exist at the local, state and national levels, and include things like: Laws about food safety.
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Why rules are important in the society? The law is important for a society for it serves as a norm of conduct for citizens. ... The law is important because it acts as a guideline as to what is accepted in society . Without it there would be conflicts between social groups and communities. It is pivotal that we follow them. 1.
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2. Rules serve as the foundation for any healthy society. Without them society would likely deteriorate into anarchy. Rules protect people by normalizing behavior. It creates boundaries that place limits on behavior. Rules are only effective if there is a means to impose consequences on those who violate them. Some people will not care but most people will follow accepted rules to avoid negative consequences. Each person’s actions have the potential to impact many others.
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For example dumping hazardous waste in the water may be an easy way for one person to get rid of it but the environment and people downstream are greatly impacted. Society could not function without rules and regulations to protect the greater good
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Introduction of Ethics
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Questions (1) What makes an act morally right or wrong (a question of conduct)? (2) What makes a person or something good or bad (a question of value)?
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Questions What would you do if a person close to you, terminally ill and in unbearable pain, asked you to help her die? Regardless of what the law says, would you agree? What would be the reasons behind the decisions? Would you say a life defined only by pain is not worth living, or would you on the contrary think that even if the person is in pain, her life is still valuable and her experiences meaningful?
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In such difficult situations, people usually appeal to moral principles; they would argue that assisted suicide is right or that it is wrong, or that maybe it should be acceptable in certain cases. Such dilemmas and the questions that surround them are the basis of a specific field of philosophy called Ethics.
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The aim of Ethics, or moral philosophy is to explain what we mean by morality and moral terms such as “good”, “right”, “wrong”, etc, and also explain what moral standards we should adopt. This is an essential aspect of philosophy, in so far as most of the decisions we make and actions we decide to perform are informed by moral principles.
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Objectives By the end of this topic you should be able to 1. understand the core aspects of moral philosophy 2. understand and explain the difference between moral, immoral and immoral actions.
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