CHAPTER TWO: PT 2 - Chapter 2 Notes What is Culture Culture Combination of environment and behaviors(think of these as the visible signs of culture AND

CHAPTER TWO: PT 2 - Chapter 2 Notes What is Culture Culture...

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Chapter 2 Notes What is Culture? Culture Combination of environment and behaviors (think of these as the visible signs of culture) AND values, attitudes, fundamental assumptions and beliefs (think of these as the invisible causes). Culture is contested, learned, shared, integrated, and dynamic . Subculture Refers to cultural variations that exist within a single nation. Cultural differences of members of various ethnic groups, regions, religions, and so forth within a single society of country Cultural Knowledge Attitudes about family, friends, enemies, and other kinds of people Notions of right and wrong Conceptions about the proper roles of males and females Ideas about appropriate dress, hygiene, and personal ornamentation Culture is Learned Humans do not genetically inherit culture. Enculturation is the process of learning culture and passing it on to future generations. Example: Biological Needs vs. Cultural Patterns Remember that while all humans must eat, excrete, and have protection from the elements we see tremendous variation within these basic needs.
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Culture is Shared Culture is shared by a group of people and is a collective phenomenon. This does not mean everyone belonging to a culture will behave and think in the same way. Culture is Contested Although culture is shared by members of groups, it is also constantly contested, negotiated, and changing. In other words, culture is never static . Culture is Symbolic In an attempt understand the complex workings of a culture an anthropologist may consider: Norms, values, symbols . These are not universal. Norms: Ideas or rules about how people should behave in particular situations or toward certain other people –what is “normal” and appropriate behavior. Example: Who could you marry? Who could you bring home to your parents? Values: Fundamental beliefs about what is important, true, or beautiful, and what makes a good life. Cultural values are not fixed and have varying degrees of influence. Develop out of shared history and background. Even within a culture not everyone shares equally in that cultural knowledge, nor does everyone agree completely on it.
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