Chapter Two: The Constitution - Chapter Two The Constitution Key Terms ● Bicameral Having two legislative houses or chambers such as the house and the

Chapter Two: The Constitution - Chapter Two The...

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Chapter Two: The Constitution Key Terms Bicameral: Having two legislative houses or chambers - such as the house and the senate. Bill of Rights: The first ten amendments to the constitution, listing the rights guaranteed to every citizen. Classical Republicanism: A democratic ideal, rooted in ancient Greece and Rome, that calls on citizens to participate in public affairs, seek the public interest, shun private gain, and defer to natural leaders. Compact: A mutual agreement that provides for joint action to achieve defined goals. Confederation: A group of independent states or nations that yield some of their powers to a national gov., although each state retains a degree of sovereign authority. Constitution: A statement of fundamental principles that governs a nation or an organization. Covenant: A compact invoking religious or moral authority. Delegate representation: Representatives follow the expressed wishes of the voters. Electoral College: The system established by the constitution to elect the president; each state has a group of electors (equal in size to that of its congressional delegation in the House and the senate); today, the public in each state votes for electors who then vote for the president. Federalism: Power divided between national and state gov. Each has its own sovereignty (independent authority) and its own duties. First continental congress: A convention of delegates from twelve of the thirteen colonies that met in 1774. Incorporation: The process by which the supreme court declares that a right in the bill of rights also applies to state govs. Indentured servant: A colonial American settler contracted to work for a fixed period (usually 3-7 years) in exchange for food, shelter, and transportation to the
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New World. Mercantilism: An economic theory in which the gov. Restrains imports and promotes exports to maintain national power and wealth. Popular in the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries. New Jersey Plan: put forward at the convention by the small states, it left most gov. Authority with the state govs.
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