Jan8-Feb1.docx - Jan 8th Foundations of Psych Intro...

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Jan. 8th Foundations of Psych Intro Objective: scientific study of human nature/mind/behavior - Brain - Perception - Cognition - Emotion - Personality - Development - Social interactions - Psychopathology How our minds make our worlds - What we see & hear - What we remember - What we know - How we think - How we feel Mispredicting Affective and Behavioral Response to Racism - Kawakami Racism is condemned Blatant racism still occurs 33% of whites report hearing anti- black slurs in workplace Two groups of people - “forecaster” or “experiencer” You enter a room - see a black male & white male - black male leaves room to get cell phone, gently bumps white male knee Control : nothing happens Moderate slur “typical, I hate it when black people do that More extreme racial slur “clumsy N…” Black man returns, experimenter gives survey on current feelings, asks you to pick a partner for anagram task Jan 10 Research Methods - Standford Prison Experiment - “Almost half of children of divorces enter adulthood as worried, under-achieving, self- deprecating, and sometimes angry young men and women” -Time, “The Lasting Wounds of Divorce” ~~~ extremely wishy washy statement with no evidence How do you know what is true? - Authority (Faith) - Repetition (Tenacity) - A Priori (Reasonable) - Scientific analysis What makes something science?
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Scientific Method - Falsifiable - Probabilities - Explanatory - Descriptive - Correlation - Experimentation What makes something an experiment? You need these two variables Dependent variable: What you measure, the outcome Independent variable: What you vary Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) - University of Leipzig - First textbook in Psychology - First university-based psychology lab - Mental chronometry (what is the speed of a thought) - Press key when you see a spot (0.2 seconds) - Press one key if red, another if green (.29 seconds) - Time to judge color = 0.09 seconds Edward Titchener (1867-1927) - Oxford - PhD Student of Wundt’s - New Dept of Psychology at Cornell - Introspection John B. Watson (1878-1958) - University of Chicago/John Hopkins - Mind unobservable - Behaviorism - Identifying environmental conditions - Describe relations between environment - behavior reflexes Stimuli (environment) -----------------------------------------------> Response (behavior) Cognitive revolution Mental (or later neural) representations of stimuli and responses Correlation and Causation - Only an experiment can define causation - Ex: Age of parent and risk of disease in children - Mother’s age 20 to 24, 1 in 1562 (for Down Syndrome) - Mother’s age over 42, 1 in 19 (for Down Syndrome) - Risk of Schizophrenia - As fathers age increases, the child’s likeliness of having Schizophrenia increases
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- This is a correlation because there was nothing being manipulated so not an experiment Your level of stress relative to prior years of college students?
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