Understanding Why Students Drop.pdf - 503834...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 15 pages.

SAGE Open October-December 2013: 1–15 © The Author(s) 2013 DOI: 10.1177/2158244013503834 sgo.sagepub.com Article Introduction The cause of a student dropping out is often termed as the antecedent of dropout because it refers to the pivotal event which leads to dropout. This event, however, is the culmina- tion of a much longer process of leaving school that began long before the date that a student actually discontinues attendance. Historic scholarship on school dropout spans from as early as a 1927 monograph that labeled it “school leaving” and associated those at risk with possible mental inferiority (Fuller, 1927, p. 1). At the same time, previous research has explained dropout causes and even cataloged dropout scholarship from the ensuing decades in terms of content and empirical merit (Dorn, 1993; Rumberger & Lim, 2008; Short & Fitzsimmons, 2007). However, never before have reports of students who dropped out been compared from all the available nationally representative dropout stud- ies and then analyzed. What follows will describe seven nationally representative studies on school dropout and their findings. Also, these studies will be analyzed using the framework of push, pull , and falling out factors, as set forth by Jordan, Lara, and McPartland (1994) and Watt and Roessingh (1994), to determine which types of factors were most prominent. The discussion section will posit potential reasons for predominant types of factors, and the implica- tions this has on dropout scholarship in the past, present, and future. Background School completion rates have grown continually during much of the past century from single digits at the turn of the 20th century, to 50% just after World War II, to 80% in the late 1970s, and finally leveling off at near 89.9% in the recent times (Baldwin, Moffett, & Lane, 1992; Chapman, Laird, & KewalRamani, 2010; Dorn, 2003; Jones, 1977). This 503834 SGO XX X 10.1177/2158244013503834SAGE Open Doll et al. research-article 2013 1 Michigan Department of Education, Lansing, MI, USA 2 Texas A&M University, College Station, USA Corresponding Author: Jonathan Jacob Doll, Agency Fellow, Strategic Data Project (SDP), Education Consultant, Michigan Department of Education, 608 W. Allegan Street, Lansing, MI 48933, USA. Email: [email protected] Understanding Why Students Drop Out of High School, According to Their Own Reports: Are They Pushed or Pulled, or Do They Fall Out? A Comparative Analysis of Seven Nationally Representative Studies Jonathan Jacob Doll 1 , Zohreh Eslami 2 , and Lynne Walters 2 Abstract Research on school dropout extends from early 20th-century pioneers until now, marking trends of causes and prevention. However, specific dropout causes reported by students from several nationally representative studies have never been examined together, which, if done, could lead to a better understanding of the dropout problem. Push, pull, and falling out factors provide a framework for understanding dropouts. Push factors include school-consequence on attendance or discipline. Pull factors include out-of-school enticements like jobs and family. Finally, falling out factors refer to disengagement in students not caused by school or outside pulling factors. Since 1966, most nationally representative studies depicted pull
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 2
  • Fall '19
  • Test, representative, Longitudinal study

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes