Deontology-ppt-in-August-2019-Autosaved.ppt - Deontology 1 Deontology states that an act that is not good morally can lead to something good such as

Deontology-ppt-in-August-2019-Autosaved.ppt - Deontology 1...

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1 Deontology
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Deontology states that an act that is not good morally can lead to something good, such as shooting the intruder (killing is wrong) to protect your family (protecting them is right). ... In our example , that means protecting your family is the rational thing to do—even if it is not the morally best thing to do. 2
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For Kants, there are two questions that we must ask ourselves whenever we decide to act: (i) Can I rationally will that everyone act as I propose to act? If the answer is no, then we must not perform the action. (ii) Does my action respect the goals of human beings rather than merely using them for my own purposes? Again, if the answer is no, then we must not perform the action. (Kant believed that these questions were equivalent). 6
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Kant’s theory is an example of a deontological moral theory –according to these theories, the rightness or wrongness of actions does not depend on their consequences but on whether they fulfill our duty. 7
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The moral theory that evaluates action that are done because of Duty is called deontology. Deontology comes from the Greek word deon, which means “being necessary.” Deontology refers to the study of duty and obligation. 8
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To consider the rational will is to point out the difference between animals and person. 9
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Animals are sentient organism. Sentience means an organism has ability to perceive and navigate its external environment. Insofar dogs and carabaos are sentient organisms, we do not see them bumping into trees and walls unless their senses are weak. Animals interact with their surrounding. This is also true to us humans; we are also sentient. Both animals and humans interact in and with world, reacting to external stimuli and internal impulses to survive . 10
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On the other hand, people are also rational. Rationality consists of the mental faculty to construct ideas and thoughts that are beyond our immediate surroundings. This is the capacity for mental abstraction, which arises from the operations of the faculty of reason. 11
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We can remove ourselves mentally from the immediacy of our surroundings and reflect on our actions and how such actions affect the world. We can imagine a different 12
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Morality and imperatives : 13
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What is an imperative? An imperative is a command. Examples : "Pay your taxes!" is an imperative, as are "Stop kicking me!" and "Don't kill animals!" 14
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Hypothetical Imperatives : these imperatives command conditionally on your having a relevant desire. E.g. “If you want to go to medical school, study biology in college.” If you don’t want to go to medical school, this command doesn’t apply to you. Another example, your father says, "if you are hungry, then go eat something!" - if you aren't hungry, then you are free to ignore the command.
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  • Fall '19
  • Kant,  Deontology

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