Modern China 12 - Elijah Robinson Modern China Professor...

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Elijah Robinson 4/8/2019 Modern China Professor Wang Hua Guofeng (1921-2008)—Mao’s Short-Term Successor Born in Jiaocheng, Shanxi, joined CCP in 1938; Became propaganda chief in a division of the 8th Route Army during WWII; Became CCP Secretary of Xiangtan Special District in Hunan after 1949, received Mao’s visit in 1959; Supported Mao at Lushan Conference and took an active role in the Cultural Revolution; Became head of Hunan and member of CCP Central Committee in 1969; Became Politburo member and Vice-Premier in 1973, in charge of agriculture; Became Acting Premier (later Premier) after Zhou Enlai’s death and assumed Chair of CCP and CCP Military Commission after Mao’s death; Arrested Gang of Four in Oct. 1976 but advocated the “Two Whatevers” policy; Ousted by Deng Xiaoping at the 3rd Plenary Session of CCP’s Eleventh Central Committee in late 1978. The “Two Whatevers” Policy under Gua Guofeng, 1977-1978 The Two Whatevers refers to the statement that "We will
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resolutely uphold whatever policy decisions Chairman Mao made, and unswervingly follow whatever instructions Chairman Mao gave" ( 凡是毛主席作出的决策,我们都坚决维护;凡是毛主席的指示,我 们都始终不渝地遵循 ). This statement was contained in a joint editorial, entitled "Study the Documents Well and Grasp the Key Link", printed on February 7, 1977, in People's Daily, the journal Hongqi (Red Flag) and Jiefangjun Bao (Liberation Army Daily). Mao Zedong’s Death (Sept. 9, 1976) and His Legacy in Modern China Although Mao had wished to be cremated, his body was embalmed, and construction of a mausoleum began shortly after his death. This highly popular attraction is located in the middle of Tian’anmen Square in Beijing. On this site had previously stood the Gate of China, the southern (main) gate of the Imperial City during the Ming and Qing dynasties. The remains of the Great Helmsman, as he is sometimes known, are on display in a crystal coffin for public viewing. People line up for hundreds of feet (dozens of meters) every day to see the former chairman, much- paying tribute to him with flowers which can be bought at the entrance on the north side. Deng Xiaoping (1904-1997)—Architect of China’s Economic Reform in the Post- Mao Era Having spent four years in Jiangxi, returned to Beijing as First Vice- Premier in 1973;
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As the successor to Zhou Enlai, also became Vice-Chair of CCP, CCP’s Military Commission, PLA’s Chief of Staff; Lost all positions to Gang of Four after the Tian’anmen Incident of April 4,
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  • Fall '19
  • People's Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping, Cultural Revolution, Hua Guofeng, Chairman Deng Xiaoping

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