Drug Profiles.docx - Drug Profiles MEDICATION...

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Drug Profiles MEDICATION PROFILE (Expand with typing, copy & paste 2 nd page if needed) Medication Generic/Trade Chemical & Functional Classifications Client Dose/ Frequency/ Route Maintenance Range (from drug book) Drug Action/ Uses How does it work? Why is your client taking? Nursing Implications What is most important to monitor/ teach before and after giving? Common Interactions Cautions /Contraindications R/T your client Potential Side Effects Highlight most significan (Most common or harmfu Generic/ Trade Cefepime (Maxipime) Classifications Therapeutic: Antibiotic Pharmacological: 4 th generation cephalosporins 2g vial; IV push Q 12 Skin infection: 2 g I.V. For infection in spine; destroy bacteria that cause infection Monitor for superinfection; if taken for a long time it could increase risk of Clostridium difficile (c.diff) infection Fever Vomiting Nausea Diarrhea Generic/ Trade Docusate/Senna (Senokot S) Classifications Therapeutic: Laxative Pharmacological: Stool softener, Stimulant laxative 2 tabs BID Maintenance: 2-4 tabs daily in divided doses Stool softener and laxative to treat constipation and soften stool; Patient is taking many medications that can contribute to constipation Assess abdomen, bowel sounds, stool color, consistency, and amount; Should only be used temporarily, can be addictive Diarrhea
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Generic/ Trade Dronabinol (Marinol) Classifications Therapeutic: Antiemetics Pharmacological: Cannabinoid 2.5 mg TID with meals Maintenance: 2.5 mg BID Appetite stimulant; Patient does not have appetite Interaction: careful with CNS depressors (lorazepam) Nausea Vomiting Diarrhea Generic/ Trade Famotidine (Pepcid) Classifications Therapeutic: Antiulcer Pharmacological: Antacid H2 blocker 20mg BID Maintenance: 20mg BID Ulcer prevention; Stress ulcers from being hospitalized may occur; helps prevent heartburn Assess abdomen, bowel sounds, stool and emesis for blood Headache Dizziness Diarrhea Constipation Generic/ Trade Folic Acid (Vitamin b9) Classifications Therapeutic: Vitamin 1mg Daily Maintenance: 0.4mg-1mg Supplement for malnourished; promotes blood cell and protein synthesis to be healthy Assess labs: Protein, albumin, RBCs. Abd distension Nausea Flatulence Anorexia,
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Pharmacological: Folic acid derivatives Generic/ Trade Lactobacillus Acidophilus (Bacid) Classifications Therapeutic: Antidiarrheal Pharmacological: herbal supplement 1 cap BID Maintenance: 1-2 capsules daily Probiotic to help keep GI tract healthy, long term use of antibiotic increases risk of developing c diff; helps prevent diarrhea Give with food to minimize GI upset Bloating Gas Medication Generic/Trade Chemical & Functional Classifications Client Dose/ Frequency/ Route Maintenance Range (from drug book) Drug Action/ Uses How does it work? Why is your client taking?
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