Chapter 8: Campaigns and Elections - Chapter 8 Campaigns and Elections Key Terms ● 527 Groups Organizations that raise and spend unlimited amounts for

Chapter 8: Campaigns and Elections - Chapter 8 Campaigns...

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Chapter 8: Campaigns and Elections Key Terms 527 Groups: Organizations that raise and spend unlimited amounts for “issue advocacy” but are forbidden to coordinate their efforts with any candidate or campaign. Bundling: A form of fundraising in which an individual persuades others to donate large amounts that are then delivered together to a candidate or campaign. Call list: A long list of potential donors who candidates must phone. Candidate-centered elections: A system in which individual candidates decide to run, raise their own money, and design their own strategy -- as opposed to party systems, in which political parties play these roles. Caucus: A local meeting of voters to select candidates to represent a political party in a general election or to choose delegates who select candidates at a convention. Closed primary: A vote cast by party members to select candidates to represent the party in the general election. Electoral bounce: The spike in the polls that follows an event such as a party’s national convention. Gerrymander: Redrawing an election district in a way that gives the advantage to one party. Incumbency advantage: The tendency for members of Congress to win reelection in overwhelming numbers. Midterm elections: National elections held between presidential elections, involving all seats in the House, one-third of the Senate, thirty-six governors, and more. Midterm loss: When the party of the president loses seats in Congress during the midterm elections. THis has occurred in almost all midterm elections.
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