Chapter Four: Civil Liberties - Chapter Four Civil Liberties Key Terms ● Accomodation The principle that gov Does not violate the establishment clause

Chapter Four: Civil Liberties - Chapter Four Civil...

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Chapter Four: Civil Liberties Key Terms Accomodation: The principle that gov. Does not violate the establishment clause as long as it does not confer an advantage to some religions over others. Civil liberties: The limits on gov. That allow people to freely exercise their rights. Civil Rights: The freedom to participate in the full life of the community - to vote, use public facilities, and exercise equal economic opportunity. Clear and Present Danger: Court doctrine that permits restrictions of free speech if officials believe that the speech will lead to prohibited action such as violence or terrorism. Double jeopardy: The principle that an individual cannot be tried twice for the same offense. Establishment clause: In the First Amendment,the principle that gov. May not establish an official religion. Exclusionary rule: The ruling that evidence obtained in an illegal search may not be introduced in a trial. Fighting words: Expressions inherently likely to provoke violent reaction and not necessarily protected by the First Amendment. Free exercise clause: In the First Amendment, the principle that gov. May not interfere in religious practice. Grand Jury: A jury that does not decide on guilt or innocence but only on whether there is enough evidence for the case to go to trial. Hate Speech: Hostile statements based on someone’s personal characteristics, such as race, ethnicity, religion, or sexual orientation. Judicial rule: A hard-and-fast boundary between what is lawful and what is not. Judicial Standard: A guiding principle that helps govs. Make judgement calls. Miranda warnings: A set of rights that police officers are required to inform suspects of, including the right to remain silent. Prior restraint: Legal effort to stop speech before it occurs - in effect, censorship. Selective incorporation: Extending protections from the Bill of Rights to the state govs., one right at a time.
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Strict separation: The strict principles articulated in the Lemon test for judging whether a law establishes a religion. Symbolic expression: An act, rather than actual speech, used to demonstrate a point of view. Miller Test: Three-part test for judging whether a work is obscene (if it has all three, the work loses First Amendment protection).
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  • Spring '18
  • Roe v. Wade, First Amendment to the United States Constitution, The Court

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