Psy 150 Final Review.docx - https/ PSY 150 FINAL PREP SHEET What to know for the test 1 Define and

Psy 150 Final Review.docx -...

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PSY 150 FINAL PREP SHEET What to know for the test 1. Define and compare STRESS and EUSTRESS Stress: physical, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses to events that are appraised as threatening or challenging Eustress: describes the stress experienced when positive events require the body to adapt Distress: The flip side of eustress 2. Define HASSLES - bulk of the stress we experience daily actually comes from little frustrations, delays, irritations, minor disagreements, and similar small aggravations - Uplifts- The little things on a daily basis that are uplifting and pleasant and make your mood better. 3. What are the age cohort effects on what people consider to be their biggest hassle? Children 3-5: teasing by their peers Children 6 to 10: getting bad grades Children 11 to 15 : pressure to use drugs Older adolescents (ages 16 to 22) : trouble at school or work Adults: fighting among family members Elderly: a lack of money. 4. Define the CONFLICT and the types outlined in the theory (e.g. “Approach”) Conflict: Whenever you find yourself torn between two or more competing and incompatible desires, goals, or actions , you are in conflict. There are different forms of conflict, depending upon the nature of the incompatible desires, goals, or actions. Approach–Approach conflict: a person experiences desire for two goals, each of which is attractive. Typically, this type of conflict, often called a “win–win situation Avoidance–avoidance conflicts are much more stressful. In this conflict, the choice is between two or more goals or events that are unpleasant. “caught between a rock and a hard place” Approach–avoidance conflicts are a bit different in that they only involve one goal or event. That goal or event may have both positive and negative aspects that make the goal appealing and yet unappealing at the same time
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Double approach–avoidance conflict: When the choice is between two goals that have both positive and negative elements to each goal. Multiple approach–avoidance conflicts : one would have more than two goals or options to consider, making the decision even more difficult and stressful *Know which conflict strategy is helpful in which situation 5. What is PSYCHONEUROIMMUNOLOGY? What are some major findings? Psychoneuroimmunology: concerns the study of the effects of psychological factors such as stress, emotions, thinking, learning, and behavior on the immune system Major Findings: stress triggers the same response in the immune system that infection triggers; stress activates receptor sites in brain which signals to the brain that the body is sick, just like disease Telomeres and cytokines affected by stress 6. Know LAZARUS and his cognitive theory of stress (e.g., “Appraisal”) - Richard Lazarus developed a cognitive view of stress called the cognitive–mediational theory of emotions, in which the way people think about and appraise a stressor is a major factor in how stressful that particular stressor becomes “appraisal” is an act of assessing something or someone.
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