Wk 3b cultural relativism and ethnocentrism 2017.ppt - Anthropology 302 Wk 3B Ethnography and Ethnocentrism Key Words • Participant Observation •

Wk 3b cultural relativism and ethnocentrism 2017.ppt -...

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Anthropology 302 Wk. 3B: Ethnography and Ethnocentrism
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Key Words Participant Observation Fieldwork Etic Perspective Emic Perspective Ethnocentrism Cultural Relativism Culture Shock
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Participant Observation The active participation of the observer in the lives of the people whose culture she is trying to understand. Usually requires the anthropologist to live in the community A kind of “disciplined hanging out’ Establish rapport as a “professional stranger’ Anthropologists are like children. Trying to learn the most basic things. Often find selves in awkward or embarrassing situations. Tell story of working with the Gomez family in Oaxaca.
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7 characteristics of ethonographic research Conducted in “natural” settings Done in field site, not a lab Provides holistic and systemic overview of context Documents “native” perspectives Is descriptive and interpretive Is guided by general research questions, not hypotheses Focuses on meanings of words and images rather than numbers
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Fieldnotes Recording and constructing cultural accounts in the field A discrete textual corpus produced by fieldwork and constituting a raw database for later generalization, synthesis, theoretical analysis What constitutes a fieldnote? Diaries? Journals? Letters to family, colleagues, thesis advisors? Transcriptions of interviews?
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Why are Fieldnotes Important? Keep track of your own emotional reactions; learn about your own values to better understand those of others Keep track of things whose significance you don’t yet know
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Ethnocentrism What is it? assumption that there is only one proper way to do things – one’s own culture’s way of doing things. judging all other people by one’s own standards of morality, value, and superiority.
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  • Spring '07
  • Seriff
  • Anthropology, Anthropological Writing

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