COMPONENTS OF FITNESS.docx - PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES COMPONENTS...

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PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES COMPONENTS OF FITNESS The term components of physical fitness refer to the several key components required to facilitate quality overall fitness. In most traditional circles, there are considered to be five general components of fitness: aerobic, muscular strength, endurance, and flexibility, although healthy body composition is most often a by-product of the other components, and is therefore not recognized in some circles as an actual "component" of fitness. Following the five general components of fitness are the components of "motor" fitness, which most affect athletic performance. These include muscular power, speed, balance, coordination, accuracy, and agility. Reaction time is also considered by some to be a component of motor fitness, however, some also contend that it is a type of speed, i.e. "reaction speed". Improvements in endurance, stamina, strength, and flexibility come about through conditioning/training. Training refers to activity that improves performance through a measurable organic change in the body. Concurrently, improvements in coordination, agility, balance, and accuracy are developed through practice. Practice refers to activity that improves performance through changes in the nervous system. Power and speed are adaptations of both training AND practice. The components of fitness each work together to contribute to the ability of the body to handle physical demands. The more efficient the body functions, the higher the level of fitness. Optimal fitness is a combination of lifestyle, nutrition, habits, but it cannot be reached without an appropriate level of physical activity. Optimum physical performance is a combination of all the components of fitness; depending on the specific demands of the sport or activity, some components will require more attention than others, but each should be present as a part of an integrated training program. GENERAL COMPONENTS OF FITNESS Endurance Endurance is, simply put, the ability to endure, or an object or person's lasting quality. Thus, the longer a thing lasts, the greater the endurance. Endurance may refer to short-term--high intensity, anaerobic exercise such as sprinting--or long term, which may last hours or even days in duration, as in the case of marathons, triathlons, and ultramarathons.
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  • Fall '19
  • Aerobic exercise, strength training, Motor control

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