ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I KEY CONCEPTS AND REACTIONS, 2016, CHAPTERS 1 AND 2.docx - 1 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I II KEY CONCEPTS AND REACTIONS(Focused Areas Bolded

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I KEY CONCEPTS AND REACTIONS, 2016, CHAPTERS 1 AND 2.docx

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ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I & II KEY CONCEPTS AND REACTIONS (Focused Areas Bolded) CHAPTERS 1-2 CHAPTER 1: REMEMBERING GENERAL CHEMISTRY: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE AND BONDING 1. Atomic number; mass number; isotopes; atomic weight; molecular weight 2. Minimum energy corresponds to maximum stability. 3. Atomic orbital; degenerate orbitals 4. Aufbau principle; Pauli exclusion principle; Hund’s rule 5. Octet rule 6. Electronegative elements readily acquire electrons. 7. Memorize the ground-state electronic configuration of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, and sodium (Table 1.2) 8. Proton, hydride ion 9. Electrostatic attractions; ionic bond; covalent bond; polar covalent bond 10. Dipole; dipole moment of a bond; dipole moment of a molecule 11. Core electrons; valence electrons; lone-pair electrons 12. Formal charge 13. Lewis structures show lone pairs of electrons and formal charges. 14. Carbocation; carbanion; radical 15. Molecular orbital (MO) theory; molecular orbitals; bonding MO; antibonding MO; node 16. Sigma ( σ ) bonds; pi ( π ) bond 17.
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